STUDENT-RUN FREE BUS SERVICE EASES PARKING, CUTS POLLUTION

THE DEMONSTRATION PROJECT CARRIED OUT BY THE UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS AND FUNDED BY THE URBAN MASS TRANSPORTATION ADMINISTRATION, CONSISTS OF A FLEET OF BUSES (MANNED BY STUDENTS) WHICH PROVIDES TRANSPORTATION AROUND THE CAMPUS, THROUGH THE TOWN OF AMHERST, AND TO OUTLYING FACILITIES AND RESIDENTIAL AREAS. THE PROJECT AIMED AT MEASURING THE EFFECT OF THE FREE SERVICE, THE INCREASED PARKING FEES AND THE ASSOCIATED RESTRICTIONS ON THE USE OF AUTOMOBILES. THE BENEFITS AND COSTS OF THESE MODAL SHIFTS TO USERS, NONUSERS, THE UNIVERSITY AND TOWN OF AMHERST WERE TO BE ESTIMATED AND THE EFFECT OF COMMUNITY ATTITUDE TOWARD PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION WAS TO BE MEASURED. TEN 31-PASSENGER TRANSIT COACHES POWERED BY PROPANE GAS (THUS REDUCING AIR AND NOISE POLLUTION) AND THREE DIESEL-POWERED TRANSIT COACHES PROVIDE ALL 11-BUS OPERATION. FIVE BUSES ARE USED ON INTRACAMPUS CIRCULATION ROUTES SERVING DORMITORIES (HOUSING 12,000 STUDENTS), COMMUTER PARKING LOTS AND STAFF HOUSING. SIX BUSES ARE USED ON OFF-CAMPUS ROUTES. THE PRIMARY IMPACT ON TRAVEL BEHAVIOR OF THE SCHEDULED CHANGES IN TRANSPORTATION SERVICES AND PARKING FEES (SIGNIFICANTLY INCREASED FEES WENT INTO EFFECT IN THE CENTRAL CAMPUS) ARE DETERMINED BY MEANS OF QUESTIONNAIRES. THE RESULTS OF THE SURVEY ARE DISCUSSED. PATRONAGE OF THE FREE BUS SERVICE HAS BEEN HIGHER THAN EXPECTED. ALMOST 32,000 PASSENGERS ARE CARRIED WEEKLY OVER 1,500 MILES BY TEN BUSES, MAKING IT THE SECOND LARGEST DAILY PUBLIC CARRIER IN WESTERN MASSACHUSETTS.

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00242697
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jul 16 1982 12:00AM