ANY POLICY AIMING TO PROMOTE PUBLIC TRANSPORT, TO BE EFFICIENT, HAS TO BASED ON IMPORTANT IMPROVEMENTS OF THE QUALITY OF SERVICE

THE CONTEXT OF GENERAL PLANNING IS DISCUSSED AND THE LEVELS OF SPACIAL PLANNING ARE DEFINED. EMPLOYMENT IS CONCENTRATED AROUND TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM TERMINALS AND IT IS THE SERVICE WITH THESE TERMINALS THAT WILL DICTATE THE QUALITY OF THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM. THE MERIT OF TRANSPORTATION ANALYSIS LIES IN THE PRESENTATION OF THE EVIDENCE OF OPTIONS AND IMPACTS. THE OPTIONS INCLUDE TECHNOLOGY OF MATERIALS, THE CONCEPT OF TRANSPORT NETS, OPERATING TECHNIQUES, MEASURES FOR REGULATING ACCOUNTANCY AND TARIFICATION. CONSIDERATION OF IMPACTS WOULD INVOLVE USERS, COMMERCE, RIPARIANS AND THE PROMOTERS OF URBAN OPERATIONS. THE BEHAVIOR OF USERS AND THE PROCESS OF CHOICE HAS BEEN INVESTIGATED BY EXPERIMENTAL STUDY. THESE STUDIES HAVE SHOWN THAT PUBLIC TRANSPORT CAN ATTRACT PASSENGERS FROM PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION. GREATER CONSIDERATION MUST BE GIVEN TO THE INFLUENCE OF THE FORMS OF URBANIZATION ON THE CHOICE OF MEANS. TO BEST SERVE THE INTERESTS OF THE COMMUNITY, PROVIDED THE SUB-STRUCTURE MEETS THE DEMAND MADE UPON IT, IT IS PRUDENT TO FIX THE TARIFF AT MARGINAL COST ON A SHORT-TERM BASIS. OBJECTIVES WHICH MUST BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT WHEN CONSIDERING TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS ARE THE PRESERVATION OF CENTRAL ACTIVITIES AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF URBAN ZONES IN THE OUTSKIRTS. THE SITUATION OF SUBURBAN RAILWAY LINES AND THEIR PROJECTED UTILIZATION IS REVIEWED, AS IS ALSO THE EXPRESS REGIONAL NET IN PARIS AND THE INTER-CONNECTION. THE CONCEPT OF INTER-CONNECTION INVOLVES THE WIDE-GAUGE SYSTEMS AND NEW INSTALLATIONS AND CONSTRUCTIONS IN A MUTUALLY BENEFICIAL RELATIONSHIP TO EACH OTHER. THE ELABORATION OF A TRANSPORT PLAN MUST GIVE CONSIDERATION FOR INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE CHOICE. LONG-TERM STUDIES MUST FORESEE THE FUTURE IN RESPECT TO THE BALANCE BETWEEN THE INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE TRANSPORTS. MEDIUM-TERM STUDIES ARE BASED ON A STRATEGY OF SYSTEMATIC IMPROVEMENT OF THE ACTUAL MEANS AVAILABLE AND ON THE "KEY" INVESTMENTS DETERMINING THE DESIRED ORIENTATION OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT. SHORT-TERM STUDIES MUST CREATE THE CONDITIONS FOR GOOD UTILIZATION OF EXISTING NETS AS MUCH IN RESPECT OF INDIVIDUAL TRANSPORT AS FOR COLLECTIVE TRANSPORT. PLANNING MUST ALSO FACILITATE THE INTRODUCTION OF TECHNICAL CHOICE. IN A DISCUSSION OF THE INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK, THE NEED FOR A RESPONSIBLE POLITICAL AUTHORITY IS STRESSED.

  • Authors:
    • Frybourg, M
  • Publication Date: 1973-1

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 21/1 -
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00242542
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 11 1982 12:00AM