PEDESTRIAN NEEDS: INSIGHTS FROM A PILOT SURVEY OF BLIND AND DEAF INDIVIDUALS

APPROXIMATELY 8,500,000 AMERICANS SUSTAIN SERIOUS VISUAL IMPAIRMENTS, AND ABOUT 20,000,000 AMERICANS SUPPORT SUBSTANTIAL HEARING DIFFICULTIES. BASED ESSENTIALLY ON 70 INTERVIEWS AND SELF-ADMINISTERED QUESTIONNAIRES COLLECTED IN THE WASHINGTON, D.C., AREA, THIS INVESTIGATION IS PRIMARILY A CASE STUDY RATHER THAN A STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF PEDESTRIAN NEEDS. THE BLIND TOTALED 10 SUBJECTS (6 MALES, 4 FEMALES); AND THE DEAF INCLUDED 60 SUBJECTS (45 MALES, 15 FEMALES). THE SUBJECTS' AGES RANGED FROM 18 TO 62 YEARS. THE ENTIRE SAMPLE LIVED WITHIN A METROPOLITAN AREA; MOST OF THE SUBJECTS RESIDED IN THE SUBURBS, ALTHOUGH A FEW LIVED WITHIN THE CENTRAL CITY LIMITS. THE SUBJECTS WERE WELL EDUCATED, ALL HAVING COLLEGE EXPERIENCE. THE MOST IMPORTANT WALKING TRIP OF THE BLIND WAS MADE DAILY TO AND FROM WORK. THOSE WHO LIVED IN THE CENTRAL CITY INDICATED THAT SHOPPING TRIPS RATED SECOND IN IMPORTANCE TO WORK TRIPS. SUBURBAN DWELLERS, ON THE OTHER HAND, WALKED FOR RECREATION MORE FREQUENTLY THAN FOR SHOPPING BECAUSE OF INADEQUATE PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES TO SHOPPING MALLS. THE DEAF SAMPLE WALKED LESS THAN THE BLIND GROUPS BECAUSE OF THEIR DRIVING ABILITY AND, HENCE, THEY WERE LESS DEPENDENT ON CENTRAL-CITY LIVING TO MAINTAIN THEIR INDEPENDENCE. THE BLIND AND DEAF INDIVIDUALS SHOWED SENSITIVITY TO VARIOUS PEDESTRIAN ISSUES THAT MIGHT HAVE BEEN NEGLECTED OR TOTALLY UNREALIZED. THIS ANALYSIS INDICATES THE NEED FOR MORE IN-DEPTH PEDESTRIAN EXAMINATION. THE PEDESTRIAN MODE NEEDS TO BE INTERRELATED WITH THE OTHER TRANSPORTATION MODES WITHIN THE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PROCESS. /AUTHOR/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Pagination: pp 51-52
  • Monograph Title: Transit for the poor, the aged, and the disadvantaged
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00242264
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 23 1973 12:00AM