TRAVEL IN THE BLACK GHETTO

A STUDY OF BUFFALO, N.Y., TRENDS IN THE LOCATION OF WORKING PLACES FOR BLACK WORKERS AND CHANGES IN TRAVEL TIME RESULTING FROM EXPRESSWAY CONSTRUCTION SHOWED THAT THE WORKER COULD REACH MORE THAN 25 PERCENT MORE JOBS BY A HALF-HOUR BUS TRIP IN 1952 THAN IN 1968. THIS DECREASE IN ACCESS OVER TIME WAS DUE MAINLY TO THE FACT THAT MANY JOBS HAVE MOVED TO SUBURBAN LOCATIONS. (EMPLOYMENT IN THE INNER CITY DROPPED BY 36 PERCENT, WHEREAS TOTAL EMPLOYMENT IN THE AREA INCREASED BY ABOUT 23 PERCENT.) THE AVERAGE BUS COMMUTER WAS WILLING TO TRAVEL 2 1/2 TIMES LONGER TO HAVE A JOB OPPORTUNITY EQUIVALENT TO THAT OF HIS NEGHBOR WHO OWNED A CAR. THE PROPORTION OF INNERCITY WORKERS EMPLOYED BEYOND THE CITY LINE INCREASED SHARPLY SINCE 1960 WHEN ABOUT 17 PERCENT WENT BEYOND THE CITY LINE. IN 1968, 30 PERCENT DID SO. A DETAILED STUDY OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF 102 WORKERS WHO COMMUTED BEYOND THE CITY LINE TO WORK IN 1968 SHOWED THAT GENERALLY THESE WERE OLDER MALES WHO WERE IN HOUSEHOLDS WITH A CAR AND WHO DROVE TO JOBS IN THE OPERATIVE CATEGORY IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES. WHETHER UNWILLINGNESS TO TRAVEL LONG DISTANCES TO WORK WAS A FACTOR THAT KEPT THE RIDERSHIP LOW IN THESE EXPERIMENTS WAS EXAMINED BY AN ANALYSIS OF ANSWERS GIVEN BY WORKERS AND UNEMPLOYED WORKERS IN THE SAMPLE TO THE FOLLOWING QUESTION: IF YOU COULD REACH A GOOD SUBURBAN JOB WITH A HALF-HOUR BUS RIDE, WOULD YOU GO BY BUS? THE RESPONSES FOR THE ENTIRE COMBINED SAMPLE OF 278 WORKERS AND NONWORKERS WITH AND WITHOUT CARS, AND FOR 31 NON-WORKERS UNDER 60 YEARS OF AGE WITH NO CAR, SHOWED THAT THERE WERE AMONG UNEMPLOYED WORKERS WITHOUT CARS SIGNIFICANT FACTORS THAT INHIBIT THEM FROM COMMUTING BY BUS TO A GOOD SUBURBAN JOB. ONLY 25 PERCENT OF THE COMBINED SAMPLE WERE UNWILLING TO TRAVEL A HALF HOUR BY BUS, WHEREAS 42 PERCENT OF THE UNEMPLOYED WITHOUT CARS WERE UNWILLING TO TRAVEL THIS LONG. AUTOMOBILE OWNERSHIP WAS SHOWN TO HAVE AN IMPORTANT EFFECT ON FOOD SHOPPING PATTERNS. SIXTY-SIX PERCENT OF THOSE WHO SHOPPED FOR FOOD MADE 1 TRIP PER WEEK OR LESS THAN 1 TRIP PER WEEK. AMONG THOSE WITHOUT AUTOMOBILES, 20.4 PERCENT SHOPPED LESS THAN ONCE PER WEEK, WHEREAS AMONG THOSE WITH AUTOMOBILES, ONLY 7.5 PERCENT SHOPPED LESS THAN ONCE PER WEEK. /AUTHOR/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 49-50
  • Monograph Title: Transit for the poor, the aged, and the disadvantaged
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00242263
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Feb 23 1973 12:00AM