THE URBAN RUSH HOUR: AN ANALYSIS OF THE YONGE STREET, TORONTO SUBWAY SYSTEM

PASSENGER FLOW AT A SUBWAY STATION IN A HIGH-DENSITY SECTION OF A METROPOLITAN AREA THAT IS VERY SENSITIVE TO MINUTE-BY-MINUTE FLUCTUATIONS IN DEMAND IS ANALYZED TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECT ON DEMAND OF (1) INCREASED AUTOMOBILE PARKING RATES, (2) STAGGERED WORK HOURS, AND (3) REDUCED OFF-PEAK FARES. PEAKING CHARACTERISTICS IN TWO-MINUTE INTERVALS ARE TREATED STATISTICALLY TO DESCRIBE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE PATTERNS, AND THESE ARE RELATED TO AN "S RATIO" (RATIO OF STANDING TO SITTING PASSENGERS); THE LATTER IS EMPLOYED TO DEFINE "SEVERE" AND "MODERATE" OVERCROWDING ON TRAINS. PEAKING AND S RATIO ARE THEN RELATED TO THE PLACE OF THE YONGE STREET STATION IN THE SYSTEM. IT IS NOTED THAT WHILE A DOUBLING IN DOWNTOWN PARKING FEES WOULD LEAD TO A 28% INCREASE IN TRANSIT PATRONAGE OVER THE ENTIRE TORONTO SYSTEM, THIS INCREASE WOULD FURTHER TAX ALREADY CONGESTED FACILITIES UNLESS INSTITUTED IN COORDINATION WITH MEASURES TO REDUCE PEAKING. THE SECTION ON STAGGERED WORK HOURS SHOWS HOW S RATIO AND STATION CAPACITY DICTATE THE TIME AND RANGE OF STARTING AND CLOSING HOURS ALONG THE ENTIRE LINE. THE SECTION ON REDUCED OFF-PEAK FARES BEGINS WITH A STUDY SHOWING THAT 33% OF THE MORNING PEAK AND 60% OF THE EVENING PEAK ARE COMPOSED OF NONWORK TRIPS. THE THREE MEASURES ARE CONSIDERED DESIRABLE AND TECHNICALLY FEASIBLE, BUT POLITICAL OPPOSTIION, ESPECIALLY TO STAGGERED HOURS, IS THOUGHT TO BE TOO STRONG TO PERMIT THEIR EXECUTION.

  • Availability:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Eno Transportation Foundation

    1250 I Street, NW, Suite 750
    Washington, DC  USA  20005
  • Authors:
    • Plewes, J C
    • Yeates, M H
  • Publication Date: 1972-4

Media Info

  • Features: Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: p. 209-229
  • Serial:
    • Traffic Quarterly
    • Volume: 26
    • Issue Number: 2
    • Publisher: Eno Transportation Foundation
    • ISSN: 0041-0713

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241721
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 3 2001 12:00AM