PARTICIPATION: ITS INFLUENCE ON PLANNING METHODOLOGY

THE TRANSPORTATION PLANNING PROCESS HAS BEEN CHALLENGED BY THE POLITICIZATION OF THE PLANNING PROCESS. THE HISTORY OF THE RESPONSE TO THIS CHALLENGE IS OUTLINED. THE MOST RECENT RESPONSE IS THE BROADLY BASED BOSTON TRANSPORTATION REVIEW (BTPR), WHICH HAS GIBEN EQUAL ATTENTION TO HIGHWAY AND TRANSIT AND TO INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL EFFECTS OF TRANSPORTATION, WHILE DE-EMPHASIZING INVESTMENT IN SOPHISTICATED TRANSPORTATION LAND USE TECHNIQUES IN FAVOR OF BALANCE AMONG A BROAD RANGE OF COMPETING ISSUES. THE BTPR WAS A TECHNICO-POLITICAL ENTERPRISE STRUCTURED TO COMBINE A BROADLY OPEN PARTICIPATION PROCESS (IN TERMS OF OPTION GENERATION AND EVALUATION ACTIVITIES) WITH A SIMULTANEOUS SHARPENING OF THE DECISION-MAKING POWER. THE STUDY REVEALED THAT THE PARTICIPATION PROCESS PLAYS CERTAIN KEY TECHNICAL ROLES. BROAD EXPOSURE OF ALTERNATIVES AT THE OUTSET, ENSURES THAT THE COMPLETE RANGE OF ISSUES IS GENERATED EARLY IN THE PROCESS. PARTICIPANTS OFTEN TOOK THE INITIATIVE IN THE SHAPING OF PLAN. THE EVALUATION CRITERIA IN BOSTON WERE DEVELOPED FROM A CONSENSUS OF COMMUNITY AND TECHNICAL GROUPS. THE PARTICIPATORY PROCESS ENSURED THAT DECISION-MAKERS WERE CONTINUALLY INFORMED OF THE REACTIONS OF THE REACTIONS OF VARIOUS INTEREST GROUPS. IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THERE BE CONTINUAL INTERACTION BETWEEN THE TECHNICAL STAFF AND THE PARTICIPANTS. THE PRESSURE OF INTENSIVE COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT REQUIRES CHANGES IN THE TECHNICAL PLANNING PROCESS. IT WAS FOUND THAT ALTHOUGH A COMMUNITY LIAISON STAFF CAN AID COMMUNITY-TECHNICAL INTERACTION, TECHNICAL QUESTIONS MUST BE RESOLVED BY QUALIFIED TECHNICAL STAFF. THE OBSERVATION IS MADE THAT THE PLANNING PROCESS MUST SHIFT FROM AN OPTIMIZATION PROCESS WITH AN OBJECTIVE FUNCTION TO A SEARCH THAT IS INTERACTIVE, ADAPTIVE, AND CAN CONSIDER CONFLICTING OBJECTIVES. INFORMED DECISIONS ON CORRIDOR ALTERNATIVES MAY BE MADE ONLY ON EVALUATION OF A 200-FT SCALE. FINDINGS ON LAND USE DISTRIBTUIONS, THE BENEFITS OF TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENTS, LONG RANGE ENVIRONMENTAL OBJECTIVES AND THE EVALUATION PROCESS ITSELF ARE OTHER ASPECTS DISCUSSED.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

    500 Fifth Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20001
  • Authors:
    • Lockwood, Stephen C
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1973

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 116-120
  • Monograph Title: CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240297
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 5 1974 12:00AM