THEORY OF NEIGHBORHOOD PROBLEM SOLVING: POLITICAL ACTION VS. RESIDENTIAL MOBILITY

PEOPLE HAVE THREE WAYS OF RESPONDING TO NEIGHBORHOOD PROBLEMS: LEAVING (EXIT), POLITICAL ACTION (VOICE), AND DOING NOTHING (PASSIVITY). THE MODEL ASSUMES THAT VOICE IS MORE LIKELY TO AMELIORATE NEIGHBORHOOD PROBLEMS THAN EXIT OR PASSIVITY; EXIT, IN FACT, CAN MAKE THINGS WORSE. RATIONAL BEHAVIOR ON THE PART OF RESIDENTS IS ALSO ASSUMED, COUPLED WITH CONSTRAINTS THAT LIMIT OPTIONS: STATUS, RACE, THE RESPONSIVENESS OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE NATURE OF THE PROBLEM. SURVEY DATA ON ONE CITY ARE COMBINED WITH CENSUS DATA DIFFERENTIATING NEIGHBORHOOD TYPES. VOICE IS CHARACTERISTIC OF SUBURBAN AREAS AMONG HIGH AND LOW STATUS WHITES; EXIT IS CHARACTERISTIC OF WHITE URBAN AREAS. AMONG GHETTO BLACKS -- WHOSE EXIT OPTIONS ARE SEVERELY CONSTRAINED -- VOICE IS MOST CHARACTERISTIC. PROBLEMS FACED BY BLACKS AND WHITES LIVING IN THE CITY ARE SIMILAR, WHILE THEIR ADAPTATIONS ARE DIFFERENT. TRANSPORT (INCLUDING SUCH THINGS AS THE INADEQUACY OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEMS, THEIR COST AND POOR COVERAGE, DIFFICULT ACCESS TO OTHER PARTS OF THE CITY) IS THE PRIORITY CONCERN IN THE SUBURBS. /AUTHOR/

  • Corporate Authors:

    N/A

    ,   United States 
  • Authors:
    • Orbell, J M
    • Uno, T
  • Publication Date: 1972-6

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  • Accession Number: 00240117
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 13 2003 12:00AM