STRUCTURING CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT IN FREEWAY PLANNING

VALUE ANALYSIS IS PROPOSED AS A STRATEGY FOR EVALUATING THE COMMUNITY CONSEQUENCES OF ALTERNATIVE FREENAY PROPOSALS. IT DIFFERS FROM COST-BENEFIT AND GOAL-MATRIX METHODS IN THAT IT DOES NOT PRESUME IN ADVANCE THAT A SOCIAL WELFARE FUNCTION FOR THE FREEWAY EXISTS. INSTEAD IT ASSUMES THAT AN ATTITUDE IS DEVELOPED DURING THE PLANNING PROCESS. VALUE ANALYSIS ASSISTS DIFFUSION OF RELIABLE INFORMATION ABOUT FREEWAY PROPOSALS AND DEVELOPS A BEHAVIORAL COMMITMENT FOR THE DECISION WITHIN THE AFFECTED COMMUNITY. A FIELD TEST OF VALUE ANALYSIS IS DISCUSSED IN REFERENCE TO (A) CHANGES REQUIRED IN THE CALIFORNIA ROUTE ADOPTION PROCEDURE WHEN THE VALUE ANALYSIS STRATEGY IS USED AND (B) CHANGES IN COMMUNITY ATTITUDE TOWARD THE FREEWAY PROPOSAL ACHIEVED THROUGH VALUES ANALYSIS. AN APPENDIX LISTS THE FIVE CATEGORIES OF COMMUNITY CONSIDERATIONS USED IN VALUE ANALYSIS AND PROVIDES AN EXAMPLE OF THE TABLE USED BY THE STUDY GROUPS FROM THE AFFECTED COMMUNITY. INTERPRETATION OF SOCIOECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF DEVELOPMENT DECISIONS WILL VARY FROM COMMUNITY TO COMMUNITY. THEREFORE, IT IS APPROPRIATE TO ALLOW THE AFFECTED COMMUNITY, WITH TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROVIDED BY THE DEVLOPMENT AUTHORITY OR CONSULTANTS, TO STUDY ALTERNATE PROPOSALS AND SELECT THE OPTION THAT IS MOST BENEFICIAL AND LEAST DETRIMENTAL TO COMMUNITY GOALS. THE HIGHWAY PLANNER SERVES AS A "COORDINATOR- CATALYST" IN VALUE ANALYSIS. /AUTHOR/

Media Info

  • Media Type: Print
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References;
  • Pagination: pp 23-36
  • Monograph Title: Citizen participation and community values
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240099
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB
  • Created Date: Jul 17 1972 12:00AM