ON THE TECHNICS AND THE POLITICS OF TRANSPORT PLANNING

THREE APPROACHES ARE EXAMINED WHICH HAVE BEEN USED IN RECENT TIMES TO EFFECT SOCIAL BETTERMENT. THE APPLICATION OF SYSTEMS ANALYSIS AND ENGINEERING TO SOCIAL SCIENCE IS DISCUSSED. THE MARKET TYPE OF ARRANGEMENTS IS DESCRIBED WHICH SEEKS TO MINIMIZE THE ROLE OF THE CENTRAL DECISION-MAKERS AND DISPERSE DECISION-MAKING AMONG INDIVIDUALS WHO CONSTITUTE SOCIETY. THE GROWTH OF THE MODE OF SOCIAL PROTEST IS REVIEWED FROM ITS INCEPTION IN THE 60'S TO ITS LEGITIMIZATION AS AN INSTITUTIONALIZED POLITICAL PROCESS FOR CITIZENS. THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN AMALGAMATED STYLE IN WHICH CITIZEN PARTICIPATION WILL CONTRIBUTE TO TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM DESIGN IS EXAMINED. THE DIFFICULTIES CAUSED BY THE METHOD OF PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF PUBLIC SERVICES, THE INTERACTION OF URBAN SYSTEMS INCLUDING SERVICE SYSTEMS, AND THE BOUNDARIES OF EACH AGENCY'S RESPONSIBILITIES ARE SOME ASPECTS DISCUSSED. THERE ARE NO SET SOLUTIONS TO SOCIALLY RELATED QUESTIONS. EFFICIENCY IS ACCEPTED AS A CRITERION FOR DESIGN AND DECISION. IN THE ABSENCE OF TECHNICALLY VALID ANSWERS TO SYSTEMS DESIGN THAT AFFECT SOCIAL SYSTEMS, ONLY POLITICALLY DERIVED ANSWERS ARE ADMISSIBLE. THE TASK OF THE SYSTEMS DESIGNER IS THEREFORE, TO CONTRIBUTE BETTER INFORMATION, BETTER FORECASTS, AND BETTER ANALYSIS TO PUBLIC REVIEW, SUCH THAT MORE ENLIGHTENED AND BETER INFORMED BARGAINING CAN BE ENGAGED AMONG THE COMPETING PUBLICS. SINCE THERE ARE NO TECHNICAL ROUTES TO VALUES, THE INVOLVEMENT OF CONSUMERS IS PROBABLY THE ONLY WAY. MARKETS PROVIDE AN ALTERNATIVE MEDIUM TO DEBATING FORUMS. MANY QUESTIONS CAN BE ADEQUATELY CONSIDERED ONLY IF ALL THREE APPROACHES ARE PURSUED. POLITICAL QUESTIONS CAN ONLY BE RESOLVED THROUGH DEBATE AND NEGOTIATION AND ITS IS HERE THAT ANALYSIS AND SYSTEMIC FORECASTS FIND THEIR CRITICAL ROLES AS INFORMERS AND SOURCES OF INTELLIGENCE. TECHNIQUES AND POLITICS ARE THUS MUTUALLY DEPENDENTED, MAKING THE SYSTEMS ANALYST AND PARTICIPATING CITIZEN PARTNERS IN THE PURSUIT OF SOCIAL BETTERMENT.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Distribution, posting, or copying of this PDF is strictly prohibited without written permission of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences. Unless otherwise indicated, all materials in this PDF are copyrighted by the National Academy of Sciences. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transportation Research Board

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  • Authors:
    • Webber, Melvin M
  • Conference:
  • Publication Date: 1973

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: References;
  • Pagination: pp 43-51
  • Monograph Title: CITIZEN PARTICIPATION IN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239669
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, TRB, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jun 5 1982 12:00AM