Review and Evaluation of Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) for Electric Transit Applications

This research report provides a status review of emerging and existing Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) technologies applicable to electric bus (EB) and rail transit. The WPT technology options discussed, especially Inductive Power Transfer (IPT), enable rapid in-station or opportunity (boost) dynamic recharging of electric bus batteries for range extension and promise economic, convenience, and safety benefits. Based on a comprehensive literature review, international and U.S. WPT bus and light rail systems deployed, demonstrated, or planned are described, noting their respective providers, system specifications and attributes, and Technology Readiness Level (TRL). Federal Transit Administration (FTA)-funded WPT demonstrations currently underway or planned are also highlighted. Industry technical and safety standards (frequency, power, and interoperability) are currently in development. Regulations and consensus standards for emissions and human exposure safety to electromagnetic radiation and fields (EMR/EMF) and protection from electromagnetic Interference (EMI) are reviewed. Measured EMR/EMR levels for various WPT electric bus systems comply with applicable occupational and public safety, health, and environmental exposure standards. Information on the cost-benefit, reliability, durability, and safety of WPT infrastructure and vehicle systems is scant. Research gaps, as well as challenges and opportunities for WPT commercial deployment, are identified.

  • Record URL:
  • Record URL:
  • Corporate Authors:

    Research and Innovative Technology Administration

    Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, 55 Broadway
    Cambridge, MA  United States  02142

    Federal Transit Administration

    Office of Research, Demonstration and Innovation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Brecher, Aviva
    • Arthur, David
  • Publication Date: 2014-8


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 61p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01538155
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FTA Report No. 0060
  • Contract Numbers: MA-26-7200; Volpe TTA3A7/MJ091
  • Created Date: Sep 10 2014 11:00AM