TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH NEEDS RELATED TO CIVIL ENGINEERING

CIVIL ENGINEERING RESEARCH NEEDS ARE PRESENTED IN THE FIELD OF TRANSPORTATION. CONFLICTS ARISING FROM DIFFERENT VIEWS ON THE RELEVANCY OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC VALUES NEED TO BE FULLY EXPLORED AND UNDERSTOOD. THE ANALYSIS OF RESEARCH NEEDS COULD NOT BE EFFECTIVELY PURSUED WITHOUT A CAREFUL EXAMINATION OF THE FUNCTIONS TRANSPORTATION WILL PLAY IN THE FUTURE AS WELL AS IN THE PRESENT. SUCH REVIEWS REVEALED ALTERNATIVE WAYS FOR VIEWING TRANSPORTATION, AND AS A COROLLARY SEVERAL DIFFERENT WAYS RESEARCH COULD PROCEED. A DIAGRAM IS PRESENTED THAT PRESENTS TRANSPORTATION IN RELATION TO SOCIETY. IT SHOWS: (1) THAT TRANSPORTATION EMERGES AS A MASSIVE CLUSTER OR GROUPING OF PARTS, OR SUB-SYSTEMS, OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROGRAMS, (2) DUE TO COMPETITION FOR PUBLIC FUNDS, TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENTS SHOULD BE BASED ON BENEFITS TO SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROGRAMS THAT WILL BE ADVANCED, (3) TECHNOLOGY CANNOT CONTRIBUTE AS EFFECTIVELY AS IT SHOULD TO ADVANCE TRANSPORTATION UNTIL PROBLEMS AND GOALS ARE DEFINED PRECISELY, (4) TRANSPORTATION POLICY SHOULD BE DERIVED FROM ULTIMATE SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DESIRES OF INDIVIDUAL ELEMENTS OF SOCIETY RATHER THAN FROM MODAL REQUIREMENTS, (5) THERE IS A NEED FOR IMPROVED STANDARDS OR BASES FOR COMPARING ALTERNATE TRANSPORT SOLUTIONS, AND (6) RESEARCH IN ANY FIELD SHOULD BE PROGRAMMED IN SUPPORT OF TOP MANAGEMENT GOALS. TRADITIONALLY, CONCERN FOR PUBLIC WELFARE HAS BEEN AN IMPORTANT PART OF CIVIL ENGINEERING. THE FIRST PART OF THE REPORT DEALS WITH ESTABLISHING THE ROLE OF TRANSPORTATION IN SOCIETY AND THE INTEREST THE CIVIL ENGINEER HAS IN TRANSPORTATION. THE MOST DIFFICULT TECHNICAL AREA OF TRANSPORT IS THE EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF LOW COST MATERIALS FOR PROVIDING ENGINEERING WORKS WITH UNUSUALLY LONG-LIFE CHARACTERISTICS. IN DETERMINING ROUTE LOCATIONS, A STUDY OF ALL FEASIBLE ALTERNATE ALIGNMENTS IS NECESSARY. THE EVOLUTION OF GOALS AND CRITERIA WILL REQUIRE TWO CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE CIVIL ENGINEER: (1) THE CONTINUING NEED FOR TECHNICAL SKILLS TO DESIGN, CONSTRUCT AND OPERATE SYSTEMS, AND (2) THE MULTI-DISCIPLINE STUDIES REQUIRED FOR ESTABLISHING TRANSPORT GOALS. THE POLICY DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY GREATLY BROADENS THE PERSPECTIVE REQUIRED OF THE CIVIL ENGINEER. THE SECOND PART OF THE REPORT DEALS WITH RESEARCH NEEDS AS VIEWED FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF TRANSPORTATION THAT IS DEVELOPED. A SURVEY OF THESE REQUIREMENTS COMPARES TO PRESENT EXPENDITURE OF APPROXIMATELY $50 MILLION FOR THE CIVIL ENGINEERING PHASES OF TRANSPORTATION. THE ANNUAL EXPENDITURE IS APPROXIMATELY 5 PERCENT OF THE PRESENT GOVERNMENT FUNDING OF TRANSPORTATION. IF TRANSPORTATION IS ESSENTIAL FOR HEALTH AND INDIVIDUAL WELFARE, FOR RECREATIONAL AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES AS WELL AS FOR THE ECONOMY, TRANSPORT RESEARCH ON THE RECOMMENDED LEVEL IS ESSENTIAL.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • 287 Pp, 5 FIG, 16 TAB, 82 REF, 6 APP
  • Corporate Authors:

    Colorado State University, Fort Collins

    Fort Collins, CO  USA  80523

    American Society of Civil Engineers

    1801 Alexander Bell Drive
    Reston, VA  USA  20191-4400
  • Authors:
    • Baker, R F
  • Publication Date: 1970-6

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00243014
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 28 1970 12:00AM