Energy-Efficient Train Operation in Urban Rail Transit Using Real-Time Traffic Information

Energy-efficient train operation represents an important issue for daily operational urban rail transit. Most energy-efficient train operation strategies are normally planned according to a timetable, which is designed by offline traffic information. In this paper, a new energy-efficient train operation model based on real-time traffic information is proposed from the geometric and topographic points of view through a nonlinear programming method, leading to an energy-efficient driving strategy with real-time interstation running time monitored by the automatic train supervision system. The novelty of this work lies not only in the establishment of a new model for energy-efficient train operation but also in the utilization of combining analytical and numerical methods for deriving energy-efficient train operation strategies. More specifically, the energy-efficient operation model is built based on trajectory analysis when the energy-efficient optimal controls are applied, from which an energy-efficient reference trajectory is obtained under the running time and distance constraints, in which the nonlinear programming method is utilized. In contrast to most existing methods, the proposed model turns out to be a small-scale problem, and the difficulties of solving partial differential equations or the process of predetermining and reiteratively calculating some key factors as traditionally involved are avoided. Thus, it is more feasible to implement the strategy and easier to make real-time adjustment if needed. The comparative analysis and the simulation verification with the actual operating data confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method. With the proposed method, some delayed trains are able to maintain punctuality at the next station and sometimes even reducing energy consumption.


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  • Accession Number: 01539298
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 9 2014 3:27PM