Finite-State Markov Modeling for Wireless Channels in Tunnel Communication-Based Train Control Systems

Communication-based train control (CBTC) is being rapidly adopted in urban rail transit systems, as it can significantly enhance railway network efficiency, safety, and capacity. Since CBTC systems are mostly deployed in underground tunnels and trains move at high speeds, building a train-ground wireless communication system for CBTC is a challenging task. Modeling the tunnel channels is very important in designing the wireless networks and evaluating the performance of CBTC systems. Most existing works on channel modeling do not consider the unique characteristics of CBTC systems, such as high mobility speed, deterministic moving direction, and accurate train-location information. In this paper, the authors develop a finite-state Markov channel (FSMC) model for tunnel channels in CBTC systems. The proposed FSMC model is based on real field CBTC channel measurements obtained from a business-operating subway line. Unlike most existing channel models, which are not related to specific locations, the proposed FSMC channel model takes train locations into account to have a more accurate channel model. The distance between the transmitter and the receiver is divided into intervals and an FSMC model is applied in each interval. The accuracy of the proposed FSMC model is illustrated by the simulation results generated from the model and the real field measurement results.


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  • Accession Number: 01539302
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TLIB, TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 9 2014 3:27PM