Rheological characterisation of modified binders at mixing and compaction temperature

The mixing temperature for binders is normally chosen by the pavement engineer based on a specific ‘viscosity’ required during hot mix asphalt production. Majority of the unmodified binders exhibit Newtonian behaviour at the mixing temperature and hence the determination of the same is straight-forward. However, when modified binders are used, experiments using a rotational viscometer indicate that the binder exhibits viscoelastic non-Newtonian fluid characteristic even at very high temperature. Consequently, the ‘viscosity’ varies with time and the location where it is measured, and hence is not a unique property of the material. In this work, a thermodynamically consistent, frame-invariant viscoelastic non-Newtonian fluid model was developed to characterise the rheological properties of the binders tested in a rotational viscometer. In the investigation reported here, two types of modified binders, polymer and crumb rubber, and one unmodified binder were used. These binders were subjected to steady and variable shear rate experiments in a rotational viscometer. The viscoelastic non-Newtonian model developed was able to predict reasonably the response of binders subjected to various protocols. In addition, bituminous mixtures were fabricated at different mixing and compaction temperatures using these binders, and the evolution of volumetric properties was investigated. The experimental investigation on mixtures showed that for identical aggregate gradation, the apparent viscosity of the binders played a critical role on the final volumetric properties obtained.


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  • Accession Number: 01539647
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Sep 5 2014 3:00PM