Potentialities of a Common Rail Injection System for the Control of Dual Fuel Biodiesel-Producer Gas Combustion and Emissions

This paper conducts an extensive experimental campaign for dual fuel biodiesel-producer gas combustion development and the related pollutant emissions and reports the results with the aim of highlighting the effect of biodiesel pilot injection parameters. For this purpose, a common rail diesel research engine was converted to operate in dual fuel mode; the gaseous fuel was introduced into the engine through an indirect injector housed well upstream of the engine intake duct; and the composition of the gaseous fuel simulating the producer gas was obtained using a mixing system able to generate a gaseous mixture of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H₂), and nitrogen (N₂) with the desired amount for each of them. The biodiesel pilot injection required to ignite the gaseous fuel was instead sprayed into the cylinder using a common rail high-pressure injection system. During tests, the biodiesel injection amount, pressure, and advance were varied on several levels, together with the composition and amount of gaseous fuel. The cylinder pressure was sampled and, from it, heat release rate and indicated mean effective pressure were estimated. Moreover, gaseous pollutant emissions at the exhaust were measured. The results demonstrate that biodiesel pilot injection parameters are crucial to control the development of combustion and emission levels when the engine is operated in dual fuel biodiesel-producer gas mode. Therefore, the potentialities of the common-rail high-pressure injection system may be developed to optimize as much as possible the operation of such engines in terms of power output, increase in combustion efficiency, and reduction of environmental impact.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01539101
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Sep 3 2014 5:10PM