RESERVED LANES FOR BUSES: THE SHIRLEY HIGHWAY EXPERIMENT

SUCH PRIORITY SCHEMES AS RESERVED LANES FOR COMMUTER BUSES CAN ASSIST IN REDUCING TRAFFIC CONGESTION ON MAJOR METROPOLITAN HIGHWAYS AND INCREASING THE PRODUCTIVITY OF THE TRANSIT SYSTEM. EXCLUSIVE BUS LANES ARE BEING TRIED OUT IN SEVERAL CITIES. THE EVOLUTION OF THE SHIRLEY HIGHWAY PROJECT (INITIAL PLANNING, IMPLEMENTATION, AND ADMINISTRATION) IS EXAMINED PRIOR TO ANALYSIS OF SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF THE DEMONSTRATION, BEGINNING WITH POSSIBLE DRIVER REACTION TO THE EXCLUSIVE BUSWAY. INITIAL MOTORIST REACTION HAD BEEN SLIGHT, BUT POSSIBLE ADVERSE REACTIONS AND COUNTERMEASURES CAN BE ANTICIPATED. POTENTIAL LITIGATION AGAINST RESERVED BUSWAYS IS EXAMINED WITH REFERENCE TO THE USE OF PUBLIC TAX REVENUES TO GIVE PRIORITY TO PRIVATE TRANSIT CARRIERS AND THE POSSIBILITY THAT CHARTERING OF THE RESERVED LANES EXCEEDS THE AUTHORITY OF THE VIRGINIA COMMISSIONER OF HIGHWAYS. COUNTERMEASURES AND PALLIATIVES TO REDUCE ADVERSE DRIVER REACTION AND POLITICAL PRESSURE ARE SUGGESTED. DATA COLLECTION METHODS FOR BEFORE-AND-AFTER STUDIES OF THE BUSWAY EXPERIMENT ARE RECOMMENDED IN THE AREAS OF TRAFFIC COUNTS ON THE HIGHWAY, TRAFFIC VOLUME IN THE ADJACENT AREA, TRUCK TRAFFIC, AUTO OCCUPANCY, TRAVEL TIME, AND RIDERSHIP CHARACTERISTICS. AS A FUNDAMENTAL OBJECTIVE OF THE SHIRLEY HIGHWAY EXPERIMENT IS TO REDUCE THE VOLUME OF COMMUTATION BY PRIVATE AUTOMOBILE IN THE WASHINGTON, D.C., AREA, IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT INCENTIVES TO INCREASE AUTOMOBILE PRODUCTIVITY BE COMBINED WITH DISINCENTIVES FOR OVERALL AUTOMOBILE USAGE: THE FORMER THROUGH STRICT REGULATION OF DOWNTOWN PARKING BY INCREASED COSTS AND REDUCED AVAILABILITY. THE CAPITAL AND EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS TO SATISFY PROJECT DEMAND FOR COMMUTER BUS SERVICE ARE ESTIMATED. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO TRD-51
  • Corporate Authors:

    Institute for Defense Analyses

    400 Army Navy Drive
    Arlington, VA  United States  22202
  • Authors:
    • Taylor, J G
  • Publication Date: 1970-6

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00242129
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 23 1972 12:00AM