Does high-speed rail generate spillovers on local budgets?
High-Speed Rail (HSR) infrastructure is costly and requires high investment during the construction and operation periods, which is mainly financed with public funds. This economic effort is seldom set off, which leads to subsidies with the money collected from public debt growth or tax pressure increases. The question that immediately emerges is whether the entrance of this new infrastructure generates economic spillovers at the local level and, consequently, improves local public budgets. To solve this question the authors use local data on economic activity, municipalities' characteristics and local financial data in Spain for the past decade (2001–2010). The estimations by difference-in-difference analysis and using spatial data yield a general conclusion: when HSR comes to town, both local revenues and the local fiscal gap improve by mean 10% and 16%, respectively. These improvements primarily affect municipalities located within 5 km of an HSR station.
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- Abstract reprinted with permission of Elsevier.
- Hernández, Aday
- Jiménez, Juan Luis
- Publication Date: 2014-9
- Media Type: Digital/other
- Features: Appendices; Maps; References; Tables;
- Pagination: pp 211-219
- TRT Terms: Budgeting; Case studies; Economic analysis; Economic benefits; High speed rail; Local government; Policy analysis; Regional development
- Geographic Terms: Spain
- Subject Areas: Economics; Finance; Policy; Railroads; I10: Economics and Administration;
- Accession Number: 01538949
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 28 2014 9:54AM