RAIL DEMONSTRATION PROJECT, TECHNICAL SUPPLEMENT

A RAIL DEMONSTRATION PROJECT WAS UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE WHETHER OR NOT THE DECLINE IN BOSTON'S RAIL PATRONAGE COULD BE STOPPED OR EVEN REVERSED, AND THE RAILROADS RETAINED AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE BOSTON AREA TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM. A SERIES OF RAIL EXPERIMENTS WERE CARRIED OUT WHICH HAD TWO PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: (1) TO TEST THE PUBLIC RESPONSE TO VARIOUS LEVELS OF SERVICE AND FARES, AND (2) TO EVALUATE THE EFFECT OF THESE EXPERIMENTS ON RAIL COSTS AND PASSENGER DEFICITS. THREE SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS WERE UNDERTAKEN. IN THE FIRST SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS, OVERALL SERVICE ON THE B&M, AS MEASURED BY THE NUMBER OF TRAINS, WAS INCREASED BY 77 PERCENT. FARES WERE REDUCED ON THE AVERAGE BY 28 PERCENT. IN THE SECOND SERIES OF EXPERIMENTS, SERVICE WAS MAINTAINED AT THE SAME FREQUENCY AS IN THE FIRST EXPERIMENTS, BUT THERE WERE SUBSTANTIAL CHANGES MADE IN THE FARE STRUCTURE. THE PRICE OF A TWENTY-RIDE TICKET WAS RAISED TO PREEXPERIMENT LEVELS, AND A NEW LOWER PRICED ONE-WAY FARE WAS INTRODUCED FOR USE ON OFF-PEAK AND WEEK END TRAVEL. IN THE THIRD SERIES, FARES REMAINED AT THE LEVEL OF THE SECOND EXPERIMENT, BUT SELECTED CHANGES WERE MADE IN SERVICE. THE RESULTS OF THE EXPERIMENTS INDICATED THAT PATRONAGE LEVELS CAN BE IMPROVED. THE EXPERIMENTS SHOWED THAT THE FREQUENT SERVICE AND WELL MAINTAINED EQUIPMENT ARE OF GREATER IMPORTANCE TO PASSENGERS THAN REDUCED FARES. NONE OF THE EXPERIMENTS HOWEVER, WERE ABLE TO MAKE A TANGIBLE CONTRIBUTION TO REDUCING THE LEVEL OF PASSENGER DEFICIT THAT EXISTED IN EACH RAILROAD PRIOR TO THE EXPERIMENTS. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO MASS MTD 1
  • Corporate Authors:

    McKinsey and Company, Incorporated

    1700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20006
  • Publication Date: 1964-6

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00242059
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 1973 12:00AM