MASS TRANSPORTATION IN MASSACHUSETTS

THIRTY-FIVE INTERRELATED SERVICE IMPROVEMENT AND FARE REDUCTION EXPERIMENTS WERE CONDUCTED TO EXAMINE THE EFFECT OF THE CHANGES ON TRANSIT RIDERSHIP. THE SYSTEMATIC COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA IS DESCRIBED, AND THE DETAILED STUDIES OF THE COST OF RAILROAD COMMUTER SERVICE AND IN DEPTH INTERVIEWS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PASSENGERS ARE INCLUDED. THE FINDINGS INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING FACTS: (1) FREQUENCY OF SERVICE IS A MORE IMPORTANT FACTOR THAN LOWER FARES IN INCREASING PASSENGER VOLUME; SELECTED, INCREMENTAL IMPROVEMENTS IN FREQUENCY CAN BE SELF-SUSTAINED. (2) IT IS POSSIBLE TO DEVELOP A MODEL TO ACCURATELY EVALUATE THE COSTS OF ALTERNATIVE RAIL SERVICE LEVELS. (3) ADDITIONAL PASSENGERS WERE ATTRACTED TO RAILROAD SUBURBAN SERVICE DURING BOTH PEAK AND OFF-PEAK HOURS. (4) EIGHTY-FIVE PERCENT MORE PASSENGERS WERE ATTRACTED TO RAILROAD SUBURBAN SERVICE FROM THE AUTOMOBILE THAN FROM ANY OTHER FORM OF TRANSPORTATION. (5) MASS TRANSIT RIDERS WHO DO NOT USE ANY PRIVATE TRANSPORTATION GETTING TO THE RAPID TRANSIT LINE WOULD CONTINUE TO USE MASS TRANSIT; TRANSIT RIDERS WHO DRIVE TO AND PARK AT TRANSIT STATIONS WOULD PREFER TO DRIVE ALL THE WAY TO BOSTON IF PARKING WERE INEXPENSIVE AND READILY AVAILABLE. (6) A MAJORITY OF BUS PASSENGERS IN BOTH SMALLER URBAN AREAS AND BOSTON CONSTITUTE A CAPTIVE MARKET IN THAT THEY HAVE SOME DISSATISFACTION WITH THE STANDARDS OF SERVICE, BUT HAVE NO REASONABLE ALTERNATIVE FORM OF TRANSPORTATION. THE DEMONSTRATION FINDINGS HAVE WIDE GENERAL APPLICABILITY SINCE THE VARIOUS EXPERIMENTS WERE REGIONAL IN SCOPE, EXTENDED WELL BEYOND THE LIMITS OF CORE CITIES, AND INCLUDED ALL FORMS OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO MASS-MTD-1
  • Corporate Authors:

    Massachusetts Transportation Commission

    ,    

    McKinsey and Company, Incorporated

    1700 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC  United States  20006

    Systems Analysis and Research Corporation

    1801 K Street, NW
    Washington, DC  United States 

    Joseph Napolitan Assoc

    ,    
  • Publication Date: 1964-7

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00242058
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 23 1982 12:00AM