The Transportation Profession’s Role in Improving Public Health
The economic and social impact of physical inactivity on the United States is staggering. Adverse effects of urban sprawl, segregation of land uses, and reliance on single occupancy automobiles for urban mobility are contributing factors to this pervasive problem. People make a considerable number of urban trips, less than 2-miles in length, predominantly by automobile rather than more sustainable “green” travel modes such as cycling, walking, and public transit. Green travel modes requiring increased levels of physical activity are positively correlated with improved public health outcomes, as well as improved economic and social outcomes. Land zoning policies that have historically led to separate land uses between residential, commercial, employment, and institutional facilities further contribute to this problem. When combined with transportation infrastructure that heavily favors travel by automobile, urban areas systemically suffer negative impacts pertaining to traffic congestion, mobility, livability, quality of life, equity, environmental resources, community wellness, and public health.
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- Abstract reprinted with permission from the Institute of Transportation Engineers.
- Bornstein, Daniel B
- Davis, William J
- Publication Date: 2014-7
- Media Type: Print
- Features: Figures; Illustrations; Photos; References; Tables;
- Pagination: pp 18-24
- TRT Terms: Automobile travel; Bicycling; Public health; Public transit; Transportation planning; Urban areas; Walking; Zoning
- Subject Areas: Environment; Highways; Pedestrians and Bicyclists; Planning and Forecasting; Public Transportation; I15: Environment; I72: Traffic and Transport Planning;
- Accession Number: 01535627
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Aug 22 2014 11:27PM