Inconsistencies in Associations between Crime and Walking: A Reflection of Poverty and Density

Higher crime rates theoretically deter walking, yet empirical analyses show mixed results. It is hypothesized that more walking occurs in low-income, high-density municipalities that have higher crime rates. Gender, car ownership and relative wealth may also moderate associations between crime and walking. A statewide New Jersey survey (n = 673) of walking was linked to crime and census data. Women were more likely to walk for exercise, but less likely as crime rose. Carless households and wealthier respondents did more non-discretionary walking, but walked less in municipalities with higher crime rates. Poorer, high-density municipalities have higher crime rates and more walking.


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  • Accession Number: 01538719
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 22 2014 3:01PM