TRANSPORTATION REQUIREMENTS AND EFFECTS OF NEW COMMUNITIES

THE NEW TOWN OF COLUMBIA, MARYLAND, WAS SELECTED AS A CASE STUDY, AS ITS PROPOSED POPULATION, ACREAGE, AND LAND USE DISTRIBUTION REPRESENT THE SCALE AND DIVERSITY REQUIRED FOR THE NEW TOWN TO MAKE ANY APPRECIABLE IMPACT ON THE HOUSING NEEDS ASSOCIATED WITH PROJECTED U. S. URBAN POUPLATION GROWTH. COLUMBIA WAS INVESTIGATED IN DEPTH TO DETERMINE WHAT THE INTERNAL TRAFFIC FLOW WILL LOOK LIKE IN 1980 WHEN THE TOWN REACHES FULL MATURITY AND WHAT IMPACT ON THE TOTAL INTERNAL TRIP PATTERN CAN BE MADE BY SOME FORM OF PUBLIC TRANSIT OPERATING OVER THE PLANNED RIGHT-OF-WAY. RESIDENTIAL LAND USE, FAMILY INCOME, AUTOMOBILE OWNERSHIP, AND TRIP LENGTH IN THE NEW TOWN INFLUENCE TRIP PRODUCTION AND LEND THEMSELVES TO MANIPULATION BY THE NEW-TOWN PLANNER. GREATER AVAILABILITY OF SHOPPING AND COMMERCIAL FACILITIES WILL INCREASE THE PERCENTAGE OF PERSON-TRIPS THAT CAN BE ACCOMPLISHED ON FOOT WHICH IN TURN REDUCES THE NECESSITY FOR THE FAMILY TO OWN AN AUTOMOBILE. IT IS ALSO HYPOTHESIZED THAT ONCE THE DECISION IS MADE THAT A SECOND CAR IS NOT NECESSARY, THERE WILL BE FURTHER SUBSTITUTION OF PEDESTRIAN FOR VEHICULAR TRIPS AND THE ELIMINATION OF SOME LUXURY VEHICULAR TRIPS. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO NSS-12
  • Corporate Authors:

    Regional Economic Development Inst, Inc

    ,    
  • Publication Date: 1968-5

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00242018
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Nov 7 1972 12:00AM