DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE CRITERIA FOR IMPROVED NONRAIL URBAN MASS TRANSIT VEHICLES AND RELATED URBAN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS

GENERAL GOALS FOR TRANSIT IMPROVEMENTS INCLUDE: (1) IMPROVEMENT OF SERVICE AND AMENITIES FOR PRESENT BUS USERS AND ALL PERSONS DEPENDENT ON PUBLIC TRANSIT FOR ACCESS TO JOBS, STORES, HEALTH SERVICES, AND RECREATION; (2) REDUCTION OF CONGESTION THROUGH TRANSIT USE AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO AUTOMOBILE; (3) REDUCTION OF URBAN DECAY ATTRIBUTABLE TO AIR POLLUTION AND NOISE; AND (4) DEVELOPMENT OF MORE INDIVIDUALIZED TRANSIT SERVICE WHEREVER SMALLER VEHICLES ARE APPROPRIATE. SIX TYPES OF NONRAIL TRANSIT SERVICE ARE IDENTIFIED: (1) ARTERIAL TRUNK LINES, (2) FREEWAY TRUNK LINES, (3) SINGLE ACTIVITY FEEDER-DISTRIBUTORS, (4) DIFFUSE ORIGIN AND DESTINATION SERVICE, (5) DOWNTOWN CIRCULATION SERVICE, AND (6) NEW TOWN CIRCULATION SERVICE. CONCEPTUAL MODELS ARE PRESENTED TO BRING OUT THE GENERAL ASPECTS OF A TRANSIT SERVICE AND THE INTERRELATEDNESS OF THESE ASPECTS. STUDY PHASES (DEVELOPMENT OF CONCEPTS AND CRITERIA, DEFINITIONS OF PROTOTYPE VEHICLE REQUIREMENTS, DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF PROTOTYPE VEHICLES, TESTING OF PROTOTYPE VEHICLES IN OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS) ARE DISCUSSED IN DETAIL. OVER 100 SERVICE AND VEHICLE CHARACTERISTICS ARE ALSO IDENTIFIED. ALTHOUGH MANY OF THE REPORTED CRITERIA MAY BE ATTAINABLE WITH EQUIPMENT NOW AVAILABLE, THERE ARE SOME CHARACTERISTICS WHOSE CRITERIA MAY REQUIRE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW DESIGNS. IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT SPECIFIC STUDIES BE MADE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS, FARE COLLECTION DEVICES, INGRESS-EGRESS SYSTEMS FOR THE HANDICAPPED, MOTIVATION FACTORS THAT AFFECT MODAL CHOICE, AND METHODS OF FINANCING TRANSIT SERVICE IMPROVEMENTS. A SUMMARY OF VOLUNTARY LETTERS WRITTEN BY DISGRUNTLED BUS RIDERS AND RESULTS FROM A NATIONWIDE SURVEY OF PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD PRIVATE AND PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION ARE INCLUDED. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO TRD-7
  • Corporate Authors:

    National Academy of Engineering

    ,    
  • Publication Date: 1968-5

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241969
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 1973 12:00AM