FLEET - OPERATED MINICAR PROJECT

THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY IS TO EXPLORE THE FEASIBILITY AND DESIRABILITY OF INTRODUCING A SYSTEM OF FLEET-OPERATED EMISSION-LIMITED VEHICLES INTO CENTRAL URBAN AREAS. THE STUDY WAS DIVIDED INTO FOUR PARTS: (1) A CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS OF FLEET-OPERATED MINICARS AND THEIR ROLE IN URBAN TRANSPORTATION; (2) A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS FOR SHORT-HAUL TRANSPORTATION IN URBAN AREAS; (3) AN ANALYSIS OF THE PHYSICAL COMPONENTS AND OPERATIONAL ASPECTS OF THE MINICAR SYSTEM AND THE FORMULATION OF THE OPTIMAL CONFIGURATION; AND (4) A PROJECTION AND EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF THE FLEET-OPERATION MINICAR SYSTEM ON THE LEVEL OF TRANSPORTATION SERVICE IN THE AREA. THE MAJOR BENEFIT DERIVED FROM FLEET-OPERATED MINICARS AS COMPARED WITH PRIVATE AUTOMOBILES WAS IMPROVED PARKING CONDITIONS. THE INCREASE OF STREET CAPACITY DUE TO THE USE OF MINICARS INSTEAD OF STANDARD AUTOMOBILES COULD BE AS HIGH AS 70% AT TWO OR THREE MILES PER HOUR, BUT AT HIGHER SPEEDS THIS ADVANTAGE DECREASES CONSTANTLY. AT HIGH SPEEDS THE CHANGE WOULD BE NEGLIGIBLE. EACH PERSON-TRIP DIVERTED FROM SURFACE TRANSIT (BUS) TO MINICAR WOULD PRODUCE AN INCREASE IN TRAFFIC VOLUME EQUIVALENT TO 0.66 STANDARD AUTOMOBILE TRIPS. EACH PEDESTRIAN (OR RAILROAD RAPID TRANSIT USER) WHO WOULD USE A MINICAR WOULD INCREASE THE VOLUME BY 0.68 AUTO TRIP EQUIVALENTS. THESE NUMBERS INDICATE THAT IF TRAFFIC CONGESTION IS NOT TO BE INCREASED, FOR EVERY MINICAR USER DIVERTED FROM WALKING OR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION, THERE SHOULD BE FIVE TO SIX MINICAR USERS DIVERTED FROM STANDARD AUTOMOBILES. THE INTRODUCTION OF MINICARS IS RECOMMENDED ONLY IF FULL CONTROL OF DIVERSIONS FROM OTHER TRANSPORTATION MODES TO MINICARS IS EXERCISED AND/OR STREET CAPACITIES ARE INCREASED. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO PA-MTD-8
  • Corporate Authors:

    Transp Engr Group

    ,    
  • Publication Date: 1968-6

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241875
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 17 1982 12:00AM