SUBURBAN SERVICE ADJUSTMENT EXPERIMENT

A MASS TRANSPORTATION DEMONSTRATION PROJECT WAS CONDUCTED ON THE HARLEM DIVISION OF THE NEW YORK CENTRAL RAILROAD. THIS STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE IF IMPROVED SUBURBAN RAIL SERVICE - FASTER SCHEDULES, MORE FREQUENT SERVICE, AND EXPANDED PARKING FACILITIES - WILL ATTRACT A SUBSTANTIAL NUMBER OF ADDITIONAL JOURNEY-TO-WORK AND MIDDAY USERS IN AN OUTER RING SUBURBAN AREA. A SPEED-UP IN SERVICES WAS ATTAINED BY ADOPTING A SKIP/STOP TYPE OF SCHEDULING: 6 OF THE SMALLER STATIONS NORTH OF WHITE PLAINS WERE REMOVED FROM THE SCHEDULES OF MOST TRAINS. INITIALLY, HOURLY OFF-PEAK SERVICE WAS PROVIDED BY ADDING 10 NEW BREWSTER/NEW YORK TRAINS - 5 IN EACH DIRECTION. PARKING FACILITIES AT 6 STATIONS WERE EXPANDED BY MORE THAN 1,000 SPACES. PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS OF THE SUBURBAN SERVICE ADJUSTMENT EXPERIMENT WERE: (1) MORE FREQUENT SERVICE AND EXPANDED PARKING FACILITIES WILL ATTRACT A SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE IN JOURNEY- TO-WORK AND MIDDAY TRAFFIC, (2) PUBLIC REACTION TO A REDUCED NUMBER OF STOPS AT MINOR OR NON-EXPRESS STATIONS IS LIKELY TO BE ADVERSE, (3) ADEQUATE PARKING FACILITIES ARE A PREREQUISITE FOR ATTRACTING RAIL PASSENGERS IN SUBSTANTIAL NUMBERS IN LOW-DENSITY SUBURBAN AREAS, (4) OFF-PEAK IMPROVEMENTS WILL ATTRACT PEAK-PERIOD RIDERS, (5) A TRIAL PERIOD OF SERVICE IS SUGGESTED BEFORE A NEW SERVICE BECOMES SUFFICIENTLY ESTABLISHED TO BEGIN TO EVIDENCE PATRONAGE GROWTH, (6) THE COORDINATION OF FEEDER-BUS AND RAIL SERVICE IN AN AREA WITH HIGH AUTOMOBILE OWNERSHIP WILL NOT ATTRACT RIDERS IN SUFFICIENT NUMBERS TO SUPPORT SUCH BUS SERVICE, AND (7) CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS ARE NECESSARY TO PRODUCE SIGNIFICANT TRAVEL TIME REDUCTIONS. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO INT-MTD-5
  • Corporate Authors:

    Tri-State Transportation Commission

    100 Church Street
    New York, NY  United States  10007
  • Publication Date: 1967-11

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241816
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Jan 3 1973 12:00AM