DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN RAILWAY TRAFFIC

THE INTERNATIONAL METROPOLITAN RAILWAYS COMMITTEE HAS SURVEYED THE TREND OF METROPOLITAN RAILWAY TRAFFIC AND SURFACE TRANSPORT FOR THE LAST TEN YEARS, COVERING THE CITIES OF ATHENS, BARCELONA, BERLIN, GLASGOW, HAMBURG, LONDON, MADRID, MILAN, MONTREAL, NEW YORK, OSAKA, OSLO, PARIS, STOCKHOLM, AND VIENNA. A TABLE IS PRESENTED THAT CONTAINS, AMONG OTHERS, A COLUMN SHOWING THE RATIO OF PEAK HOUR TRAFFIC TO TRAFFIC DURING THE LEAST BUSY HOUR. THIS RATIO RANGES FROM 1.5--2.4 FOR GLASGOW, MADRID, ATHENS, AND VIENNA TO 4.7--6.1 FOR OSAKA, PARIS NEW YORK, OSLO, AND LONDON. IMPACTS ON THE TREND OF BOTH METRO AND SURFACE TRANSPORT ARE CONSIDERED UNDER THE HEADINGS TOWN-PLANNING DEVELOPMENT, CHANGES IN DAILY WORKING HOURS, CHANGE IN THE STANDARD OF LIVING, DECREASE IN THE EFFICIENCY OF SURFACE TRANSPORT, INCREASE IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT FARES, AND DEVELOPMENT OF METRO NETWORKS. THE SURVEY DISCOVERED THAT FOUR BASIC TYPES OF DEVELOPMENT COULD BE DISTINGUISHED: (1) VERY LARGE URBAN AREAS (LONDON, NEW YORK, PARIS), IN WHICH THE RATIO OF PEAK TO OFF-PEAK WAS CONTINUOUSLY RISING, TO THE DETRIMENT OF OPERATIONS; (2) CITIES IN WHICH THE METRO NETWORK IS OLD AND THE STRUCTURE HAS REMAINED UNCHANGED, WITH A NOTICEABLE DECREASE IN ALL PUBLIC TRANSPORT (GLASGOW AND VIENNA); (3) CITIES WHERE SUBSTANTIAL LINE EXTENSIONS HAVE PRODUCED HIGH INCREASES IN TRAFFIC AT THE EXPENSE OF SURFACE TRANSPORT (BERLIN, BARCELONA, MADRID, OSAKA, HAMBURG, STOCKHOLM); AND (4) CITIES WITH NETWORKS LESS THAN 10 YEARS IN SERVICE (MILAN, MONTREAL AND OSLO). THE FUNDAMENTAL INDICATORS FOR EACH CITY ARE DESCRIBED BRIEFLY.

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241538
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Dec 30 1982 12:00AM