An investigation of state population characteristics that moderate the relationship of state seat belt law and use in the United States

Objective: Primary enforcement laws have been shown to be effective methods for increasing seat belt use at the state level. Method: This study investigates state differences in the effectiveness of primary enforcement laws by assessing whether a state's academic achievement, health ranking, economic prosperity, violent crime rates, government effectiveness, gender distribution, or proportion of rural roads moderate the relationship between those laws and seat belt compliance rates. Results: Aggregate state-level academic achievement, health ranking, government effectiveness, and proportion of rural roads uniquely moderated the seat belt use differences between primary and secondary enforcement states. Conclusions: This evidence suggests that cultural, social, and demographic differences among regions may be important factors in explaining state-level differences in the effectiveness of primary enforcement of seat belt laws.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01535981
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 28 2014 11:43AM