EVALUATION OF A BUS TRANSIT SYSTEM IN A SELECTED URBAN AREA

BUS TRANSIT WAS INVESTIGATED AS A REASONABLY ACCEPTABLE AND ECONOMICALLY COMPETITIVE SOLUTION TO CURRENT URBAN TRAVEL PROBLEMS. THE METROPOLITAN AREA OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, WAS SELECTED AS THE TEST SITE IN WHICH ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS WERE COMPARED. BUS TRANSIT WAS FOUND TO BE A VIABLE ALTERNATIVE TO THE CONSTRUCTION OF MORE HIGHWAYS TO ACCOMMODATE AUTOMOBILES, AND IT WAS CONSIDERED DESIRABLE TO: (1) DETERMINE THE EFFECT ON TRANSIT PATRONAGE OF VARIOUS POLICY MODIFICATIONS, SUCH AS CHANGES IN BUS FARES AND PARKING RATES, (2) DETERMINE HOW DIFFERENT COMPONENTS OF TRANSIT SERVICE AND DESIGN CONTRIBUTE TO THE ATTRACTIVENESS OF BUS TRANSIT, (3) DETERMINE THE DIFFERENT EFFECTS OF CONGESTED AND UNCONGESTED ROADWAY FACILITIES ON TRANSIT PATRONAGE, AND (4) DETERMINE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PROVIDING PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICE TO AN ENTIRE METROPOLITAN AREA THROUGH A FINE-GRAINED, UBIQUITOUS BUS TRANSIT NETWORK, INCLUDING EXCLUSIVE BUSWAYS, A DOWNTOWN TERMINAL, AND A PEDESTRIAN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM. THE FOLLOWING METHODOLOGY WAS USED TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS AND COST OF A BUS TRANSIT SYSTEM: (1) THE LOCATION AND MAGNITUDE OF THE EXPECTED FUTURE YEAR VEHICULAR OVERLOADS ON THE EXISTING AND COMMITTED HIGHWAY FACILITIES WERE DETERMINED, (2) TWO ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS WERE DESIGNED: ONE WAS AUTOMOBILE-ORIENTED WHICH CONSISTS OF THE UNIMPROVED TRANSIT SYSTEM EXISTING IN THE BASE STUDY YEAR; AND THE OTHER WAS A BUS TRANSIT-ORIENTED SYSTEM WHICH CONVERSELY CONSISTED OF THE EXISTING AND COMMITTED HIGHWAY SYSTEM AND A SUBSTANTIALLY IMPROVED TRANSIT SYSTEM, (3) A MODAL SPLIT MODEL WAS DEVELOPED TO PREDICT TRANSIT AND AUTOMOBILE USAGE, (4) THROUGH USE OF THE MODAL SPLIT MODEL, THE ABILITY OF EACH SYSTEM TO RELIEVE THE VEHICULAR OVERLOADS ON THE HIGHWAY SYSTEM WAS DETERMINED, AND (5) THE COSTS FOR EACH SYSTEM WERE EVALUATED. IT WAS DETERMINED THAT BUS TRANSIT IS CAPABLE OF ALLIEVATING PEAK HOUR OVERLOADS ON URBAN FREWAYS.

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Final Rpt, PP XV & 142, 34 FIG, 44 TAB
  • Corporate Authors:

    PEAT MARWICK MITCHELL & CO

    WASHINGTON, DC  United States 
  • Publication Date: 1969-6

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00241345
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 27 1970 12:00AM