Anticipating the Setting Time of High-Volume Fly Ash Concretes Using Electrical Measurements: Feasibility Studies Using Pastes

One common concern limiting the proliferation of high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete mixtures is the significant delay in setting that is sometimes encountered in field concrete mixtures. While several methods to mitigate the delayed setting times of HVFA mixtures have been demonstrated, a related issue is the prediction of setting times in field mixtures, so that construction operations including finishing and curing can be anticipated and properly scheduled. This paper presents a feasibility study evaluating the employment of simple electrical measurements to predict the setting time of paste mixtures on which concurrent Vicat needle penetration testing was performed. Electrical, setting, and accompanying calorimetry tests are conducted at three different temperatures, each under quasi-isothermal conditions to minimize the confounding influence of temperature variation on the obtained results. Electrical resistance (or heat flow) measurements can be used to adequately predict a mixture’s initial setting time for a wide variety of binary and ternary powder blends, prepared at a constant water volume fraction. However, a simple parametric study in 100% ordinary portland cement pastes in which water content (water-to-cement ratio) is varied indicates that the relation between resistance trends and subsequent setting times is strongly dependent on the water content, as is also the case for the thermal measurements. This suggests that employment of this approach for field mixtures may require predetermination of the resistance-setting time relationship for each mixture of interest (e.g., calibration) or at least that the on-site water content of the concrete mixture be assessed and verified by a separate measurement.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01531297
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Jul 17 2014 3:02PM