Recognising the irrelevance of statewise-dominated alternatives in defining the composition of a choice set

This paper is motivated by the primary idea (or curiosity) that the distribution of choice probabilities associated with a set of alternatives defining a given choice set provides strong evidence on the way that agents appear to process the description of each alternative in a stated choice experiment, conditional on other contextual influences that are agent specific. The supplementary interest is in the extent to which the established probability distribution, given the ranking of a set of alternatives, is able to be the basis of establishing whether a specific decision rule (within a utility maximising setting) offers the preferred behavioural ‘explanation’ of which alternatives really matter in choice making. Examples of interest include decision rules such as the relevance, in a rank order of alternatives, of all offered alternatives, variants of best-worst, and first best-second best. The underlying theoretical context to guide the preference ruling (or candidate alternatives under a rank order) is the Axiom of Irrelevance of Statewise Dominated Alternatives (ISDA) proposed by Quiggin (1995). In this paper we use a choice experiment on road pricing reform scenarios to illustrate a way to determine, under utility maximisation and knowledge of the full rank order of offered alternatives in a choice experiment, which set of alternatives satisfies ISDA and hence is a preferred choice set to use in estimation and application of a choice model.

Language

  • English

Media Info

  • Pagination: 16p
  • Serial:
    • Issue Number: ITLS-WP-14-09

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01530435
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: ARRB
  • Files: ITRD, ATRI
  • Created Date: Jul 15 2014 2:14PM