EVALUATION OF BUS TRANSIT DEMAND IN MIDDLE-SIZED URBAN AREAS

THE BASIC PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY IS TO EVALUATE THE POTENTIAL USE OF BUS TRANSIT IN MIDDLE-SIZED URBAN AREAS AND THEREBY REDUCE HIGHWAY CAPACITY REQUIREMENTS. THE STUDY /1/ ESTIMATES TOTAL TRAFFIC DEMAND, /2/ REVIEWS THE EXISTING ALLOCATION OF DEMAND BY MODE, /3/ PROPOSES TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTS ON MODAL SPLIT BY VARIOUS TYPES OF IMPROVEMENTS IN BUS SERVICE AND FACILITIES, AND /4/ CONSIDERS THE POSSIBLE ROLE OF PUBLIC POLICY IN PROMOTING THIS DIVERSION. THE STUDY REVEALS OVERWHELMING CONCENTRATION OF EXISTING BUS RIDERSHIP IN THE FIVE STUDY AREAS AMONG CAPTIVE PATRONS /PERSONS WITHOUT ACCESS TO AN AUTOMOBILE/, RANGING FROM 80 TO 88 PERCENT. THEREUPON, THE STUDY PROCEEDS TO ANALYZE THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ALL TRIP MAKERS AND OF TRANSIT RIDERS. THE VARIABLES CAREFULLY ANALYZED INCLUDED AGE, HOUSEHOLD INCOME, NUMBER OF EMPLOYED PERSONS, HOUSEHOLDS WITHOUT CARS, AND THE EFFECT OF CAR OWNERSHIP INCLUDING MULTICAR AVAILABILITY. THE CONCLUSIONS REACHED ARE CLEAR FOR TRIP MAKING: THE HIGHER THE INCOME THE GREATER THE NUMBER OF TRIPS AND WHEN INCOME IS HELD CONSTANT, TRIPS INCREASE WITH BOTH THE SIZE OF THE HOUSEHOLD AND WITH THE NUMBER OF AUTOMOBILES. THESE CONCLUSIONS ARE IMPRESSIVELY PRESENTED IN TABULAR AND GRAPHIC FORM. /BPR/

  • Corporate Authors:

    Smith, Wilbur & Associates

    ,    

    Bureau of Public Roads /US

    400 7th Street, SW
    Washington, DC  USA  20590
  • Publication Date: 1966-9

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240815
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Bureau of Public Roads /US
  • Report/Paper Numbers: Cpr-11-2849
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jan 1 1994 12:00AM