U.S.-Mexico Transportation and Logistics

Trade between the U.S. and Mexico has grown substantially since the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) took effect in 1994 and Mexico is now the third-largest U.S. trading partner. In 2013, total U.S.–Mexico trade reached $507 billion, of which 66% ($336 billion) was moved by truck through 24 southern border ports of entry (POEs). Some 73% ($246 billion) of that truck traffic passed through 13 Texas POEs which represent 48% of the total U.S.-Mexico trade moved by truck—$131 billion in imports and $115 billion in exports. Trucks use seven Texas interstate and state highway corridors to move U.S.-Mexico trade to customers either within the state or to other U.S. states and Canadian provinces. The purpose of this brief is to highlight the increasing involvement and interest of private-sector organizations, including inland ports and transportation companies, that are collaborating with each other to make the trading process more efficient. These companies believe that the U.S.-Mexico transportation network will operate more efficiently, if it acts as a single system, rather than two separate systems divided by an international border. Improving freight flows to maintain economic competitiveness and highway safety is a major Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) goal and state planners are aware of bottlenecks at border POEs that have been created by increased trade between the U.S. and Mexico, particularly at peak periods during the working day. This brief suggests that evaluating truck trade flows from a system perspective might more accurately reflect current and future decisions made by highway users. This will enable both countries to support a more efficient supply chain network, which will not only allow timely and safe delivery of goods, but also reduce transportation and inventory costs.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; Maps; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 28p
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01531521
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: TxDOT 0-6581-Task 19-7
  • Created Date: Jul 14 2014 10:59AM