Roads in India: Safety and Knowledge Cross-Sectional Evaluation

This article reports on an image-based survey of 3 major roadways in New Delhi, India, undertaken to evaluate collision-prone vehicle and pedestrian behaviors. The locations of these roadways were: Pahar Gan, A 4-way intersection; Kirti Nagar Metro Station, a T-shaped intersection; and Ring Road, a linear unidirectional highway. The authors used a cross-sectional survey design with photograph- and video-based data collection. They reviewed preliminary photographs to establish definitions and criteria for dangerous and collision-prone behaviors. Data collection for each mode of transportation included number of vehicles traveling against traffic, number of vehicles traveling across traffic, motorcyclists not adhering to helmet use, motorcycles with excess passengers (3 or more), pedestrians jaywalking, and unsafe appearing vehicles. A total of 11,214 subjects were evaluated during one-hour periods, with real-time photographs taken at 1-minute intervals and video recordings taken of each full hour. Eighty-six percent were vehicles (n = 9624), whereas the remaining 14% were pedestrians (n = 1572). In 99% of the photos or videos, the authors identified 1 or more predefined behavioral infractions. A total of 21% (n = 2392) of the subjects committed these infractions. Fifteen percent of all vehicles (n = 1468) and 59% of all pedestrians (n = 924) displayed a risk-taking infraction. The authors conclude that there is a need for improved safety education and a better roadway infrastructure, particularly for pedestrians, who constitute 47% of all road traffic fatalities in New Delhi.

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  • Accession Number: 01559992
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jul 2 2014 3:07PM