ECONOMIC INFORMATION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT

INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS FOR A QUANTITATIVE MODEL WITH WHICH TO ASSESS THE ECONOMIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT ARE DEVELOPED WITH PARTICULAR REGARD TO WATER, AIR, AND NOISE POLLUTION CAUSED BY TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS. THE PRINCIPAL OBJECTIVE OF THE REPORT IS TO QUANTIFY THE COSTS OF ECOLOGICAL NEGLECT WHICH ARE NOT OTHERWISE REFLECTED IN PRICES OR OTHER STANDARD ECONOMIC INDICATORS. THE MODEL, HOWEVER, IS ADAPTABLE TO MEASURE THE COST OF ENVIRONMENTAL DETERIORATION CAUSE BY ALL SECTORS OF THE ECONOMY. TWO BASIC ADJUSTMENTS ARE EXAMINED: A SUBSTITUTE FOR CONVENTIONAL NATIONAL INCOME ACCOUNTING WHICH WOULD SUBTRACT FOR THE DEPRECIATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES, AND A VALUE WHICH ESTIMATES THE EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY MAINTENANCE IN THE OVERALL ECONOMIC GROWTH ACCOUNTING. THE LATTER IS STRESSED BECAUSE THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ARE NOT REFLECTED IN CONVENTIONAL ECONOMIC INDICES. SEVERAL ANALYTICAL MODELS ARE USED (THE LEONTIEF INPUT-OUTPUT MODEL, AN EXPANDED LEONTIEF EQUATION, ECONOMETRIC MODELS, AND HYBRID METHODS) TO ESTIMATE THE INTERRELATIONSHIPS AMONG RELATED INDUSTRIES AND THE RESPONSIVENESS OF DIFFERENT ECONOMIC SECTORS TO OUTPUT VARIABLES ARISING ELSEWHERE IN THE SYSTEM. THE EXPANDED LEONTIEF EQUATION ADDS ANTIPOLLUTION ACTIVITIES AND POLLUTION COEFFICIENTS TO AN EXISTING INPUT-OUTPUT TABLE TO PERMIT EVALUATION OF ULTIMATE INDUSTRY-BY-INDUSTRY EFFECTS OF ALTERNATIVE ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY CONTROLS. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO URT-37
  • Corporate Authors:

    Consortium of Universities

    Urban Transportation Center, 1717 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
    Washington, DC  USA  20036
  • Authors:
    • Paik, I K
  • Publication Date: 1971-6

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240131
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Nov 7 1996 12:00AM