THE ATTITUDES OF DRIVERS TOWARD MASS TRANSIT

QUESTIONNAIRES WERE SENT BY MAIL TO A RANDOM SAMPLE OF 600 AREA HOUSEHOLDS SELECTED FROM CONVENTIONAL CENSUS TRACTS. THE BASIC OBJECTIVES WERE TO: (1) IDENTIFY PEOPLES' BASIC MOTIVES FOR DRIVING; (2) EXAMINE THE EFFECT OF "NEGATIVE FACTORS AS A MEANS OF 'COERCING'" DRIVERS TO USE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION; AND (3) EVALUATE POSITIVE INFLUENCES TO ATTRACT RIDERSHIP. SURVEY METHODOLOGY AND A DESCRIPTION OF THE SAMPLE ARE INCLUDED. THE SURVEY REVEALED THAT EIGHT FACTORS WERE PRINCIPAL MOTIVES FOR AUTOMOBILE USAGE. THESE INCLUDED (IN ORDER): SPEED, NO WAITING, FREEDOM FROM SCHEDULES, GREATER RELIABILITY, PROTECTION FROM WEATHER, PERSONAL ENJOYMENT OF DRIVING, LOWER DAILY COSTS, AND UNFAMILIARITY WITH BUS SERVICE. FOUR COERCIVE FACTORS WERE ALSO HIGHLIGHTED, INCLUDING INCREASING PARKING FEES ($4.00+/DAY), A REQUIREMENT THAT CARS IN DOWNTOWN TRAFFIC HAVE MORE THAN ONE OCCUPANT, INCREASED GASOLINE PRICES, AND LONGER WALKING TIME BETWEEN PARKING AREAS AND DOWNTOWN DESTINATIONS. THE MOST IMPORTANT POSITIVE FACTORS AMONG RESPONDANTS WHO USED PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION WERE PROXIMITY TO A BUS STOP, THE ABILITY TO COMMUTE TO WORK BY TRANSIT, AND SPEED. THREE FUNDAMENTAL VARIABLES WILL CONTROL THE EXTENT TO WHICH IMPROVEMENTS IN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS CAN TRANSLATE INTO INCREASED RIDERSHIP: A REDUCTION OF WALKING DISTANCES BETWEEN BUS STOPS AND POINTS OF ORIGIN AND DESTINATION; ELIMINATION OF TRAVEL DELAYS INCURRED DURING TRANSFER; AND INCREASED SPEED. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO URT-36
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

    Minneapolis, MN  United States  55455
  • Authors:
    • Beier, F J
  • Publication Date: 1971

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00240125
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Nov 7 1972 12:00AM