Rethinking Infrastructure Delivery: Case Study of a Green, Inclusive, and Cost-effective Road Program in Nicaragua

This paper begins with a presentation of the community development adoquine modules (modulos comunitarios de adoquinado, or MCA for their acronym in Spanish) model. A summary review of the Nicaragua road sector follows and describes the general challenges and efforts that the Government of Nicaragua has faced and worked on over the years. An overview of the Government of Nicaragua-World Bank partnership follows, describing the joint cooperation in the road sector over the past four decades. More specifically, the Fourth Roads Rehabilitation and Maintenance Project (Fourth Roads Project), financed in the past six years of engagement is highlighted, and forms the bulk of the basis for the current paper. Chapter 2 provides a synopsis on what is environmentally green about the MCA model. Chapter 3 draws on the experiences with the describe how infrastructure can be delivered in an inclusive way. Chapter 4 presents the cost-effectiveness attributes of the model. Chapter 5 offers words of caution, with a review of the key challenges with the model. Chapter 6 summarizes the factors that would determine the transferability of the model, including key prerequisites for its use, and the conditions that would increase the chances of its successful application. Chapter 7 concludes the paper. It provides summary recommendations to inform policy dialogue for those contemplating similar country development programs, whether on their own, in conjunction with the Bank, or under other development partnerships. The intended audience of this paper includes practitioners in development organizations, and road sector counterparts in different countries implementing rural road programs. It is hoped that the lessons learned could inform current and future policy decisions and help address practical rural road infrastructure delivery challenges not only in Nicaragua but worldwide in greener, more inclusive, and more cost-effective ways.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Appendices; Figures; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: 76p
  • Serial:

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01535781
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: 88664
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 24 2014 11:05AM