SPECIFIED SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF ATTITUDES TOWARD COMMUNITY PLANNING AND ZONING

THIS REPORT IS ONE OF A SERIES OF STUDIES DEALING WITH THE SOCIAL CONDITIONS CONDUCIVE TO THE CONTROL AND REGULATION OF LAND USE IN PENNSYLVANIA COMMUNITIES LOCATED NEAR INTERSTATE HIGHWAY INTERCHANGES. COMMUNITY ATTITUDES TOWARD PLANNING AND ZONING ARE OF PARTICULAR CONCERN IN THIS REPORT. HUMAN BEHAVIOR, THE AUTHORS CONTEND, IS A RESULT OF CERTAIN SOCIAL DETERMINANTS /E.G., EDUCATION, AGE, INCOME, ETC./. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF ZONING ORDINANCES AND PLANNING COMMISSIONS REPRESENTS A FORM OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND THUS WILL BE RELATED TO A NUMBER OF SOCIAL FACTORS. THREE SUCH FACTORS ARE EDUCATION, OCCUPATION AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS WHICH ARE DESIGNATED AS THE INDEPENDENT VARIABLES IN THIS STUDY. EMPIRICAL DATA FOR THE TESTING OF THIS HYPOTHESIS WERE OBTAINED FROM ATTITUDINAL SURVEYS IN TWO COMMUNITIES LOCATED AT INTERCHANGES ALONG THE PENNSYLVANIA SHORTWAY /I-80/. THE UNIVERSE FROM WHICH THE SAMPLE WAS DRAWN CONSISTED OF ALL MALE PROPERTY OWNERS WHO WERE HEADS OF HOUSEHOLDS. THE SAMPLE INCLUDED 116 OBSERVATIONS FROM THE LARGER OF THE TWO COMMUNITIES AND 28 FROM THE SMALLER. THE RESULTS OF THE SURVEY INDICATED THAT THOSE PERSONS AT HIGHER EDUCATIONAL AND OCCUPATIONAL LEVELS WERE MORE WILLING TO ACCEPT BOTH THE CONCEPT AND PRACTICE OF ZONING AND PLANNING. THE LARGER COMMUNITY INCLUDED A GREATER PROPORTION OF SUCH INDIVIDUALS AND THUS WAS GENERALLY MORE FAVORABLE TOWARD SUCH CONTROLS. IT WAS ALSO FOUND THAT A GREATER PROPORTION OF RESPONDENTS FAVORED THE FUNCTIONS OVER THE STRUCTURES OF PLANNING AND ZONING. RESPONDENTS PARTICULARLY IN THE SMALLER COMMUNITY, WERE OFTEN FEARFUL OF GOVERNMENT DOMINATION. /BPR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Hpr, Hpr-1/2/, 1965
  • Corporate Authors:

    Pennsylvania State University, University Park

    Pennsylvania Transportation Institute, Transportation Research Building
    University Park, PA  USA  16802
  • Authors:
    • Dansereau, H K
    • Rehberg, R A
    • Maiolo, J R
  • Publication Date: 1965

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239740
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Nov 1 1994 12:00AM