Microscopic Estimation of Arterial Vehicle Positions in a Low-Penetration-Rate Connected Vehicle Environment

Wireless communication among vehicles and roadside infrastructure, known as connected vehicles, is expected to provide higher-resolution real-time vehicle data, which will allow more effective traffic monitoring and control. Availability of connected vehicle technology among the vehicle fleet will likely grow gradually, but it will possibly remain limited, with many drivers potentially being unwilling to transmit their locations. This is problematic given that research has indicated that the effectiveness of many connected vehicle mobility applications will depend on the availability of location data from a minimum of 20-30% of roadway vehicles. In an effort to improve the performance of connected vehicle applications at low connected vehicle technology penetration rates, the authors propose a novel technique to estimate the positions of noncommunicating (unequipped) vehicles based on the behaviors of communicating (equipped) vehicles along a signalized arterial. Unequipped vehicle positions are estimated based on observed gaps in a stopped queue, and the forward movements of these estimated vehicles are simulated microscopically using a commercial traffic simulation software package. In simulations, the algorithm made more correct than incorrect estimates of unequipped vehicle positions in the same lane and within 7 m longitudinally. When applied to a previously developed connected vehicle traffic signal control strategy in simulation, the location estimation algorithm produced small improvements in delays, speeds, and stopped delay when compared to an equipped-vehicle-only scenario at penetration rates of 25% or less. The location estimation algorithm is generic, and it could be applied to other connected vehicle applications to improve performance at low penetration rates.

Language

  • English

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Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01529796
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS, ASCE
  • Created Date: Jun 18 2014 3:06PM