Drivers' and non-drivers' performance in a change detection task with static driving scenes: is there a benefit of experience?
The ‘looked-but-failed-to-see’ phenomenon is crucial to driving safety. Previous research utilising change detection tasks related to driving has reported inconsistent effects of driver experience on the ability to detect changes in static driving scenes. Reviewing these conflicting results, the authors suggest that drivers' increased ability to detect changes will only appear when the task requires a pattern of visual attention distribution typical of actual driving. By adding a distant fixation point on the road image, the authors developed a modified change blindness paradigm and measured detection performance of drivers and non-drivers. Drivers performed better than non-drivers only in scenes with a fixation point. Furthermore, experience effect interacted with the location of the change and the relevance of the change to driving. These results suggest that learning associated with driving experience reflects increased skill in the efficient distribution of visual attention across both the central focus area and peripheral objects.
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- Abstract reprinted with permission of Taylor & Francis.
- Zhao, Nan
- Chen, Wenfeng
- Xuan, Yuming
- Mehler, Bruce
- Reimer, Bryan
- Fu, Xiaolan
- Publication Date: 2014-7
- Media Type: Web
- Features: References;
- Pagination: pp 998-1007
- TRT Terms: Blindness; Driver experience; Driver performance; Driving; Eye fixations
- Uncontrolled Terms: Change detection
- Subject Areas: Highways; Safety and Human Factors; I83: Accidents and the Human Factor;
- Accession Number: 01530766
- Record Type: Publication
- Files: TRIS
- Created Date: Jun 18 2014 3:00PM