Forensic and Traffic-Technical Aspect of Simulated Cervical Spine Injury

Forenzicni i prometno-tehnicki aspekt simuliranih ozljeda vratne kraljeznice

Based on the previous research, in connection with a rear-end collision with test-drivers, the starting fact is that “the harmless limit load” in a rear-end collision is conditioned by the change in speed already by about 10 km/h. From a technical point of view, this means that in the near future, in practice this “harmless limit” will become an issue of the cervical spine trauma. The mere medical assessment of the cause of the cervical spine injury in relation to light cervical spine injury, without knowing the actual current load on the cervical spine, is just as unsustainable as the medical discussion on the mechanism of the whiplash injury, without taking into consideration the recent respective experimental studies. The most complete assessment of the cause of the injury is possible only within the frame of a jointly performed interdisciplinary (technical and medical) assessment. Apart from an extensive assessment of the technical parameters of the collision and the individual elements of the impact, it is precisely the interdisciplinary assessment which gives the elements for further research. Only by means of these interdisciplinary exchanges of opinions can one understand that all the knowledge about these problems have to be collected, thus contributing to the solution of this problem. In the collision of newer passenger cars at lower speeds, there will be no deformations, which leads to the fact that the load of passengers to injuries at the same intensity of impact will increase. Thus, the “excessive” care of the manufacturers for the vehicle bodies contribute to passengers and buyers of these vehicles to be always exposed to higher bio-mechanical loads at the same impact speed. The development and design departments of car manufacturers should be warned that based on the tests of rear-end collisions between two passenger cars, they should pay more attention to improved design of the rear end of the vehicle. Today’s passenger cars, together with their safety equipment are capable of preventing injuries to passengers in head-on crash into a wall at a speed of 50 km/h. If, however, the same passenger car drives backwards at a speed of 20 km/h and crashes into the corner of a wall or into another vehicle at double the speed (40 km/h) hitting the rear end of the vehicle, then passenger of the respective vehicle may count with numerous and permanent consequences of injury.

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  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Abstract reprinted with permission from the publisher.
  • Authors:
    • Andelinovic, Simun
    • Parac, Dalibor
    • Peran, Zdravko
    • Antolis, Krunoslav
  • Publication Date: 2014


  • English
  • Croatian

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  • Accession Number: 01528532
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Jun 9 2014 3:02PM