REDUCTION OF ROBBERIES AND ASSAULTS OF BUS DRIVERS-VOLUME II: THE SCOPE OF THE CRIME PROBLEM AND ITS RESOLUTION

THE THREATS OF ROBBERIES AND ASSAULTS WERE STUDIED WITHIN A SOCIAL CONTEXT AS THE SOCIAL IMPORTANCE OF URBAN MASS TRANSPORTATION IS SUCH THAT IT CAN NO LONGER OPERATE WITHOUT AN ADEQUATE RESEARCH DATA BASE. BUS ROBBERIES WERE USUALLY FOUND TO BE SPONTANEOUS EVENTS, WITH LITTLE PLANNING AND LITTLE INTENT TO HARM THE VICTIM, COMMITTED LARGELY BY BLACK MALES WITH LIMITED EXPERIENCE IN CRIME. THERE WAS NO EVIDENCE OF POLITICAL MOTIVATION OR VENGEANCE FOR THE TRANSIT COMPANIES. THE RISK OF BEING SERIOUSLY INJURED BY A BUS ROBBER WAS INCREASED IF THE DRIVER OFFERED RESISTANCE. THE "ASSAULT" PROBLEM WAS JUDGED TO HAVE REACHED ALARMING PROPORTIONS. MOST ASSAULTS ARISE FROM DRIVER-PASSENGER INTERACTIONS, MANY OF WHICH ARE STRUCTURED BY TRANSIT OPERATIONS. AS FARE AND ZONE STRUCTURES AND THE ROUTE SYSTEM BECOME MORE COMPLEX, CONFLICT BETWEEN DRIVERS AND PASSENGERS INCREASES. THE MOST FREQUENT POINTS OF CONFLICT ARE COLLECTIONS OF FARES, ADDITIONAL FARES, AND TRANSFERS. THE GREATER THE CLARITY IN ROUTE INFORMATION POSTED FOR PASSENGERS, THE LESS CONFLICT THERE IS SINCE DRIVERS ARE NOT ALWAYS CERTAIN OF BASIC INFORMATION REGARDING ZONES, TRANSFERS, ROUTES, SPECIAL HOURS, OR FARES. A NUMBER OF ANTI-CRIME MEASURES ARE SUGGESTED. THE READY-FARE SYSTEM HAS ELIMINATED THE CASH ROBBERY FROM-THE- BUS-DRIVER PROBLEM; HOWEVER, THE VERY SUCCESS OF THIS PRECAUTION MAY LEAD TO AN INCREASE IN ROBBERIES FROM BUS PASSENGERS. TO AVOID INJURY, DRIVERS ARE ADVISED TO COOPERATE WITH ROBBERS. STUDIES ARE RECOMMENDED IN THE AREAS OF PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD URBAN MASS TRANSPORTATION, VANDALISM, CHANGES IN THE DESIGN OF TRANSIT VEHICLE INTERIORS AFFECTING CHANGES IN SOCIAL BEHAVIOR, PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF CRIME ON TRANSIT SYSTEMS, AND THE MORALE AMONG DRIVERS OF TRANSIT VEHICLES. MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR YIELDING TIMELY, ACCURATE INFORMATION ABOUT VARIOUS CRIMINAL AND DISRUPTIVE ENCOUNTERS UPON TRANSIT VEHICLES ARE RECOMMENDED. TRANSIT COMPANIES SHOULD RE-EXAMINE BOTH THEIR SELECTION OF AND THEIR TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR DRIVERS TO IMPROVE THE RELATION- SHIPS BETWEEN DRIVERS AND THE PUBLIC THEY SERVE. PERIODIC RETRAINING PROGRAMS SHOULD BE SCHEDULED FOR ALL DRIVERS. ALSO, COMPANIES SHOULD MAKE A CONSPICUOUS, YET SUBTLE, DISPLAY OF ANTI-CRIME MEASURES. COMPANIES ARE ADVISED TO REVIEW THEIR FARE STRUCTURES, SPECIAL FARE SCHEDULES, AND ZONE STRUCTURES IN ORDER TO ASSURE MAXIMUM CLARITY AMONG BOTH DRIVERS AND PASSENGERS. FURTHER, EACH COMPANY SHOULD DESIGNATE AT LEAST ONE OF ITS PERSONNEL TO BE RESPONSIBLE FOR LIAISON WITH POLICE AUTHORITIES; COOPERARIVE PROGRAMS BETWEEN THE COMPANIES AND THE SCHOOLS SHOULD ALSO BE ESTABLISHED FOR THE SPECIAL PROBLEM OF TRANSPORTING SCHOOL CHILDREN. THE STUDY OF ROBBERIES AND ASSAULTS OF BUS DRIVERS IS NOT COMPLETE; SEVERAL BASIC "SOCIAL" QUESTIONS REMAIN UNANSWERED. ADDITIONAL BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIOLOGICAL RESEARCH PROJECTS ARE RECOMMENDED. /UMTA/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • PROJ NO CAL-MTD-11
  • Corporate Authors:

    University of California, Berkeley

    Berkeley, CA  USA  94720
  • Authors:
    • Misner, G E
    • Mcdonald, W F
  • Publication Date: 1970-12

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239439
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Source Agency: Urban Mass Transportation Administration
  • Files: TRIS, USDOT
  • Created Date: Oct 9 1972 12:00AM