GOVERNMENTAL RESPONSE TO URBANIZATION. THREE TOWNSHIPS ON THE RURAL-URBAN GRADIENT

LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN ONCE RURAL COMMUNITIES RESPOND TO URBAN GROWTH OVER TIME BY ADOPTING NEW AND EXPANDED SERVICES, AND BY CHANGING THEIR PATTERNS OF FINANCE AND ADMINISTRATION. AREAS UNDERGOING THE MOST RAPID PROCESS OF URBANIZATION GENERALLY EXPERIENCE THE MOST RAPID INNOVATIONS IN GOVERNMENT. THESE FINDINGS EMERGE FROM A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THREE MICHIGAN TOWN SHIPS EXTENDING WESTWARD FROM LANSING AND INCLUDED IN THAT CORE CITY'S METROPOLITAN AREA. FROM 1950 TO 1964, THE MOST URBAN OF THESE THREE COMMUNITIES INITIATED THE GREATEST NUMBER OF CHANGES IN ITS LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL PROGRAMS, STRUCTURE, FINANCE, AND ADMINISTRATION. IN 1964, DELTA, ONEIDA, AND ROXAND TOWNSHIPS COULD BE DESCRIBED AS SUBURBAN, SEMI-RURAL, AND RURAL RESPECTIVELY. BY 1964 THE STRUCTURE OF TOWNSHIP GOVERNMENT IN DELTA, THE MOST URBAN OF THE THREE TOWNSHIPS, VARIED CONSIDERABLY FROM THAT OF ONEIDA AND ROXAND. DELTA WAS THE ONLY TOWNSHIP WITH A CHARTER FORM OF GOVERNMENT AND CONSEQUENTLY HAD GREATER LEGAL AND FINANCIAL POWERS. DELTA AND ROXAND MADE EXTENSIVE USE OF THE PROPERTY TAX AND DEPENDED LESS ON STATE-COLLECTED FUNDS. THIS WAS A CLEAR BREAK WITH THE TRADITIONAL PATTERN OF ALMOST EXCLUSIVE RELIANCE ON STATE-COLLECTED FUNDS. THE PROPERTY TAX BECAME A STABLE REQUIREMENT IN DELTA AFTER 1956 WHEN ITS LARGE-SCALE EXPANSION OF SERVICES BEGAN. FINALLY, COMPARED TO THE OTHER TWO COMMUNITIES, DELTA HAD DEVELOPED A LARGER AND MORE COMPLEX ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE BY THE EARLY SIXTIES. CONDITIONS OF URBAN GROWTH IN DELTA PRODUCED ISSUES OF HIGHER PUBLIC INTEREST WHEREAS THE TOWNSHIP BOARDS OF ONEIDA AND ROXAND CONCENTRATED ON MORE ROUTINE, NONCONTROVERSIAL MATTERS. /AUTHOR/

  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Rept No 132, 58 PP
  • Corporate Authors:

    Government Printing Office

    Superintendent of Documents
    Washington, DC  United States  20402-9325

    Department of Agriculture

    1400 Independence Avenue, SW
    Washington, DC  United States  20250
  • Publication Date: 1968-5

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239137
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Aug 5 1994 12:00AM