Structural health monitoring of a steel stringer bridge with area sensing

The Federal Highway Administration Long-term Bridge Performance Programme initiated an International Bridge Study by selecting a steel stringer bridge as a benchmark structure for structural health monitoring. As a part of this programme, the authors studied the application of the Long-Gauge Fibre Bragg Grating (LG-FBG) sensors on this bridge. This paper aims at illustrating the LG-FBG-related state-of-the-art technologies by taking the bridge as the test bed. (1) The concept of the LG-FBG sensor for area sensing is presented. Most fibre optic sensors measure point strains for local monitoring. In contrast, the developed LG-FBG area sensor has a long gauge (e.g. 1–2 m), and it can be connected to each other to make a sensor array for distributed strain measuring; (2) spectral analyses of the macro-strain time histories are performed to identify structural frequencies, and the results are compared with those estimated from acceleration measurements; (3) the neutral axis position of the girder of the investigated bridge is estimated from the recorded macro-strain time histories, and the results are compared with those from static truck tests and (4) a modal macro-strain-based damage index is applied for damage detection of the steel stringer bridge.


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  • Accession Number: 01527876
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 20 2014 3:00PM