Parking Assistance System for Leaving Perpendicular Parking Lots: Experiments in Daytime/Nighttime Conditions

Backing-out and heading-out maneuvers in perpendicular or angle parking lots are one of the most dangerous maneuvers, specially in cases where side parked cars block the driver view of the potential traffic flow. In this paper a new vision-based Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) is proposed to automatically warn the driver in such scenarios. A monocular grayscale camera was installed at the back-right side of a vehicle. A Finite State Machine (FSM) defined according to three CANBus variables and a manual signal provided by the user is used to handle the activation/deactivation of the detection module. The proposed oncoming traffic detection module computes spatiotemporal images from a set of pre-defined scan-lines which are related to the position of the road. A novel spatio-temporal motion descriptor is proposed (STHOL) accounting for the number of lines, their orientation and length of the spatio-temporal images. Some parameters of the proposed descriptor are adapted for nighttime conditions. A Bayesian framework is then used to trigger the warning signal using multivariate normal density functions. Experiments are conducted on image data captured from a vehicle parked at different locations of an urban environment, including both daytime and nighttime lighting conditions. The authors demonstrate that the proposed approach provides robust results maintaining processing rates close to real time.

Language

  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01526671
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 5 2014 10:44AM