Incorporating negative externalities into productivity assessments of US airports

This paper analyses the efficiency of 44 US airports for the period 2005–2009. In addition to the conventional outputs (i.e., passengers, flights and cargo), the authors consider three undesirable externalities of airport activities: delays, noise and local air pollution. The authors adopt a directional distance function approach and perform a second stage analysis to investigate potential determinants of efficiency. The authors' base case results with only the positive outputs show that the greater the average aircraft size serving an airport and the larger the dimensions of the airport, the higher the technical efficiency. However, the authors' results are sensitive to the inclusion of the undesirable outputs. The implications are that the inclusion of these externalities into the calculation of efficiency may impact policy decisions.


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  • Accession Number: 01523967
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 23 2014 1:26PM