Waste Glass for Use in Geopolymers

Waste glass is considered for use in a geopolymer binder systems based on the high Si content, amorphous framework structure, adequate hardness and widespread availability. A lack of Al within the system, however, must be taken into account, as Si/Al and Na/Al ratios have been shown to affect properties such as setting time, compressive strength and microstructure. Metakaolin and fly ash were added to a glass-based system, lowering the Si/Al and bringing Na/Al closer to unity. Mortars made using 100% glass as well as 25 and 50% of fly ash or metakaolin by mass were activated with 10M NaOH and cured at 80°C for 24 hours. Microstructural characterization of fracture surfaces and thin sections as well as compressive strength and degree of reaction data was collected. The 100% glass mixture (Si/Al – 8.39, Na/Al – 1.61) and 25% metakaolin (Si/Al – 4.96, Na/Al – 0.97) mixtures showed a dense, continuous microstructure. The 25% MK mix resulted in a 1-day f’c of above 5000 psi (35 MPa), while the 50% metakaolin mixture (Si/Al = 3.45, Na/Al – 0.69) developed little strength and had a low-density microstructure, possibly due to the high water demand. Mixtures containing fly ash resulted in reasonable compressive strengths and moderately dense microstructures.


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Features: Figures; Photos; References; Tables;
  • Pagination: pp 31-48
  • Monograph Title: Advances in Green Binder Systems

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01522764
  • Record Type: Publication
  • ISBN: 9780870318443
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 14 2014 1:36PM