Vehicle Data Recorders

The primary objective of this project was to explore the potential for the development of cost-effective vehicle data recorder (VDR) solutions tailored to varied applications or market segments. Many of the technologies currently in the marketplace or emerging in the industry can or will be able to perform both data logging to improve operational efficiency and traditional event data recorder (EDR) functions—providing benefits in a wide array of applications. Early in this project, the aim was to explore both of these potential benefit scenarios. Through consultation with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), the term “vehicle data recorder” (VDR) was selected as a way to streamline the discussion of technologies that perform one or both of these functions. Through a combination of technical research and analysis, including business-related cost-benefit assessment, potential VDR configurations ranging from fundamental to comprehensive were explored. The following VDR concepts were developed: Concept 1. A low-cost event-triggered data recorder for recording baseline accident data, Concept 2. A more advanced event-triggered data recorder incorporating advanced sensor technologies, Concept 3. A baseline continuous data recorder that records maintenance and operational data meant to improve fleet operations, Concept 4. An advanced continuous data recorder that includes additional driver-monitoring parameters, and Concept 5. A “full-featured” VDR that might include accident data and operational-efficiency data. In general, both VDR and event data recorder (EDR) devices will benefit the commercial vehicle industry and society as a whole, but these benefits will likely be spread across three primary stakeholder groups: (1) benefits to fleets, (2) benefits to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), and (3) benefits to the public sector. Benefits for fleets will primarily focus on improving operational efficiency and reducing operational costs. Benefits for OEMs will likely come from reducing liability costs and improving vehicle designs and safety. Benefits for public-sector stakeholders—such as transportation agencies, law enforcement, and the general public—will likely include improved vehicle safety; fewer crashes, injuries, and fatalities; and improved inspection capabilities.

  • Record URL:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Cover date: December 2005.
  • Corporate Authors:

    Booz Allen Hamilton, Incorporated

    8283 Greensboro Drive
    McLean, VA  United States  22102

    Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

    Office of Bus and Truck Standards and Operations, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
    Washington, DC  United States  20590
  • Authors:
    • Kreeb, Robert M
    • Nicosia, Brian T
  • Publication Date: 2005-8


  • English

Media Info

  • Media Type: Digital/other
  • Edition: Final Report
  • Features: Appendices; Bibliography; Figures; Tables;
  • Pagination: 132p

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 01522339
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Report/Paper Numbers: FMCSA-PSV-06-001
  • Contract Numbers: DTFH61-99-C-00025, Task Order 7
  • Created Date: Apr 11 2014 4:46PM