Crash risk evaluation of aggressive driving on motorways: Microscopic traffic simulation approach

This paper provides quantitative evaluation of safety implications of aggressive driving (speeding, following closely and weaving through traffic) by using microscopic traffic simulation approach. Combination of VISSIM and Surrogate Safety Assessment Model (SSAM) were used to model motorway and assess safety of the simulated vehicle. The use of vehicle conflicts was validated by correlating it to historic crashes. Crash risk, severity levels and the magnitude of the perceived benefits of aggressive driving were quantified relative to normal drivers under two scenarios: (1) congested, and (2) non-congested traffic conditions. Involvement in vehicle conflicts is used to determine crash-risk while reductions in Post Encroachment Time (PET) and travel time were used to determine the severity levels of the expected crashes and the magnitude of the perceived benefits. The results indicated that the crash risk of aggressive drivers was found to be in the range 3.10–5.8 depending on traffic conditions and type of road aggression. PET of the conflicts involving aggressive drivers reduced by 7–61% indicating high severity levels of the expected crashes. Moreover, the magnitude of the perceived benefit in terms of reduction in travel time was found to be as little as 1–2%. The study concluded that aggressive driving is entailed with a massive risk while its benefits are actually very little.

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  • English

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  • Accession Number: 01525287
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 10 2014 10:53AM