RELOCATION OF FAMILIES DISPLACED BY EXPRESSWAY DEVELOPMENT: MILWAUKEE CASE STUDY

URBAN RENEWAL AND EXPRESSWAY PROGRAMS HAVE CAUSED THE DISPLACEMENT AND RELOCATION OF LARGE NUMBERS OF FAMILIES, MANY FROM ETHNIC AND RACIAL MINORITIES. THIS STUDY ANALYZED THE IMPACT OF RELOCATION ON ABOUT 600 FAMILIES DISPLACED BY CONSTRUCTION OF THE NORTH-SOUTH EXPRESSWAY IN MILWAUKEE. THE MOST STARTLING RESULT WAS THAT LIVING CONDITIONS WERE IMPROVED FOR THE MAJORITY OF FAMILIES, AND CHANGES IN HOUSING INDUCED POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL ATTITUDES. BUT RELOCATION INCREASED THE CONCENTRATION OF NEGROES WITHIN THE ETHNIC AREA. PREVIOUS STUDIES HAVE CONCENTRATED ON RELOCATION OCCASIONED BY RENEWAL AND HAVE SUGGESTED THAT EXPRESSWAY PROJECTS HAVE A DIFFERENT IMPACT. THESE FINDINGS INDICATE THAT THE RESULTS OF RELOCATION ARE MORE DEPENDENT ON LOCAL CONDITIONS THAN ON THE TYPE OF DISPLACING FORCE. MOST FAMILIES BENEFITED FROM RELOCATION, ALTHOUGH INCREASED COSTS WERE A SERIOUS PROBLEM FOR THE ELDERLY ON FIXED INCOMES. PSYCHOLOGICAL AS WELL AS PHYSICAL IMPROVEMENTS ACCRUED TO RELOCATED FAMILIES. IN FUTURE RELOCATION STUDIES THE EMPHASIS SHOULD BE CHANGED FROM A DESCRIPTIVE TO A DYNAMIC APPROACH. THERE IS NEED TO DEVELOP MODELLING AND SIMULATION TECHNIQUES FOR PREDICTING RELOCATION IMPACT. /AUTHOR/

  • Availability:
  • Supplemental Notes:
    • Vol 46, No 1, PP 75-78
  • Authors:
    • House, P A
  • Publication Date: 1970-2

Media Info

  • Serial:
    • Land Economics
    • Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
    • ISSN: 0023-7639

Subject/Index Terms

Filing Info

  • Accession Number: 00239949
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: May 25 1970 12:00AM