Walking and child pedestrian injury: a systematic review of built environment correlates of safe walking

This article focuses on built environment correlates of walking and pedestrian injury in children, reviewing the current related literature with the aim of expanding the current concept of walkability to include injury prevention. The authors conducted searches of nine electronic databases for quantitative literature on walking in children (ages 0 to 12) and/or child pedestrian roadway collision. They sought research performed in motorized countries, in either suburban or urban settings, that investigated specific built environment risk factors related to density, land use diversity or roadway design. The literature review yielded 50 walking and 35 child pedestrian injury studies. Within these studies, a number of built environment features were found to be associated with both increased walking and increased pedestrian injury, while only traffic calming and presence of playgrounds/recreation areas were consistently associated with more walking and less injury. The authors suggest that the findings validate the importance of considering safety in any conversation about creating more walkable cities.


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  • Accession Number: 01523581
  • Record Type: Publication
  • Files: TRIS
  • Created Date: Apr 4 2014 4:29PM